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Knowledge and rent spillovers through government-sponsored R&D consortia

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  • Nishimura, Junichi
  • Okamuro, Hiroyuki

Abstract

R&D consortia (collaborative R&D projects among private firms, universities, and public research institutes) have been attracting increasing attention as an effective means of promoting innovation. Especially for SMEs, such collaboration provides important opportunities to access and obtain advanced scientific knowledge generated by universities and public research institutes. It is expected that not only the participants in R&D consortia will enhance their performance, through direct knowledge spillovers, but also that the business partners of consortia members may enjoy indirect effects (rent spillovers), through their business transactions. This paper empirically examines the spillover effects through government-sponsored R&D consortia using firm-level data and the propensity score method. Focusing on a major support program for R&D consortia in Japan, the “Consortium R&D Project for Regional Revitalization” by METI, we confirm that there are both direct (knowledge) spillover effects from firms’ participation in this program and indirect (rent) spillover effects on the customer firms of the consortia members. Moreover, by comparing SMEs and large firms, we find that only SMEs obtain knowledge spillovers in R&D consortia, whereas, among their customers, only large firms enjoy rent spillovers.

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File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/25427/1/ifn_wp024.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Interfirm Network, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Working Paper Series with number 24.

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Length: 44 p.
Date of creation: Jan 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:cinwps:24

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Keywords: R&D consortia; business transaction; knowledge spillover; rent spillover; SME; policy evaluation;

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  1. Motohashi, Kazuyuki, 2005. "University-industry collaborations in Japan: The role of new technology-based firms in transforming the National Innovation System," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 583-594, June.
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  9. Monjon, Stephanie & Waelbroeck, Patrick, 2003. "Assessing spillovers from universities to firms: evidence from French firm-level data," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 21(9), pages 1255-1270, November.
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  11. Hiroyuki Okamuro & Junichi Nishimura, 2011. "A Hidden Role of Public Subsidy in University-Industry Research Collaborations," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series gd10-183, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
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