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Estimation of sectoral energy and energy-related CO2 emission intensities in Iran: An energy IO approach

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Author Info

  • Hossein Mirshojaeian Hosseini

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)

  • Shinji Kaneko

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)

Abstract

Iran is experiencing ever-increasing domestic energy consumption and CO2 emissions, mostly due to its price control policy. The first step in designing any conservation policy is the quantification of sectoral total, direct and indirect energy intensities to track the sectors or commodities responsible for increasing energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Energy input-output (E-IO) analysis is a frontier method for assessing resource and pollutant embodiments in goods and services on a macroeconomic scale that is popular among researchers. This paper is the first attempt to apply this approach to quantify energy and energy-related CO2 emissions in Iran. Based on the results, the sectors with the highest potentials for conservation, which are simultaneously the main consumers of energy and have the highest energy intensities, are the road transportation sector, the sectors that produce basic mineral, metal and chemical products, the construction sector, the food industry and the agricultural and livestock sectors. Although the energy consumption pattern is distorted by cheap energy prices, our study shows that the energy theory of value still applies in Iran.

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File URL: http://ir.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/metadb/up/ZZT00001/IDEC-DP2_02-15.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC) in its series IDEC DP2 Series with number 2-15.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hir:idecdp:2-15

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Web page: http://www.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/en/idec/
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Related research

Keywords: Energy input-output; Iran; energy intensity; energy-related CO2 intensity;

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  1. Kerkhof, Annemarie C. & Nonhebel, Sanderine & Moll, Henri C., 2009. "Relating the environmental impact of consumption to household expenditures: An input-output analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 1160-1170, February.
  2. Lenzen, Manfred, 1998. "Primary energy and greenhouse gases embodied in Australian final consumption: an input-output analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 495-506, May.
  3. Cohen, Claude & Lenzen, Manfred & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2005. "Energy requirements of households in Brazil," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 555-562, March.
  4. Chapman, P. F., 1974. "1. Energy costs: a review of methods," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 91-103, June.
  5. Park, Hi-Chun & Heo, Eunnyeong, 2007. "The direct and indirect household energy requirements in the Republic of Korea from 1980 to 2000--An input-output analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2839-2851, May.
  6. Chung, Whan-Sam & Tohno, Susumu & Shim, Sang Yul, 2009. "An estimation of energy and GHG emission intensity caused by energy consumption in Korea: An energy IO approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(10), pages 1902-1914, October.
  7. Chen, G.Q. & Zhang, Bo, 2010. "Greenhouse gas emissions in China 2007: Inventory and input-output analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 6180-6193, October.
  8. Kok, Rixt & Benders, Rene M.J. & Moll, Henri C., 2006. "Measuring the environmental load of household consumption using some methods based on input-output energy analysis: A comparison of methods and a discussion of results," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(17), pages 2744-2761, November.
  9. Labandeira, Xavier & Labeaga, Jose M., 2002. "Estimation and control of Spanish energy-related CO2 emissions: an input-output approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 597-611, June.
  10. Lenzen, Manfred & Dey, Christopher & Foran, Barney, 2004. "Energy requirements of Sydney households," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 375-399, July.
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