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Reinventing the Kantean Peace: The Emerging Mass Basis of Global Security

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Author Info

  • Ronald Inglehart

    ()
    (Higher School of Economics)

  • Christian Welzel

    ()
    (Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University, Scharnhorststr.)

  • Bi Puranen

    ()
    (Institute of Future Studies (Stockholm).)

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    Abstract

    This article demonstrates that inter-state peace is underpinned by an increasingly solid mass basis: representative survey data from around the world evidence a massive decline in people’s willingness to sacrifice their lives in war. To explain this finding, we test and confirm Welzel’s Evolutionary Emancipation Theory (EET). When improving existential conditions in a society turn most people’s lives from a source of threats to suffer into a source of opportunities to thrive, people adopt ‘emancipative values’: to allow themselves and others to take advantage of life’s widened opportunities, people increasingly support and tolerate universal freedoms. This emancipatory trend is most significant in a field in which the fixation of traditional survival norms on high fertility erected the strongest resistance against emancipation: reproductive freedoms. As a direct consequence of the emancipatory trend, people’s willingness to sacrifice their own and other people’s lives in war has dramatically declined. Hence, the emancipatory trend is a pacifist force that makes it increasingly difficult for government—especially in democracies—to find public support for waging wars

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by National Research University Higher School of Economics in its series HSE Working papers with number WP BRP 28/SOC/2013.

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    Length: 35 pages
    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in WP BRP Series: Sociology / SOC, December 2013, pages 1-35
    Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:28/soc/2013

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    Related research

    Keywords: Evolutionary Emancipation Theory; World Values Survey; war and peace;

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