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Poverty and Violent Conflict: A Micro-Level Perspective on the Causes and Duration of Warfare

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  • Patricia Justino

    ()
    (Institute of Development Studies)

Abstract

This paper argues that endogenous mechanisms linking processes of violent conflict and household poverty provide valuable micro foundations to the ongoing debate on the causes and duration of armed conflicts. Household poverty affects the onset, sustainability and duration of violent conflict due to the direct and indirect effects of violence on the economic behaviour and decisions of households in conflict areas. These effects lead to the emergence of symbiotic relationships between armed groups and households living in areas they control that may sustain the conflict for a long time. The strength of this relationship is a function of two interdependent variables, namely household vulnerability to poverty and household vulnerability to violence.

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File URL: http://www.hicn.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/HiCN-WP-46.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Households in Conflict Network in its series HiCN Working Papers with number 46.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:46

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Web page: http://www.hicn.org

Related research

Keywords: Household poverty; household welfare; causes of armed conflict; duration of conflict; micro-foundations of conflict;

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Cited by:
  1. Parlow, Anton, 2011. "Education and armed conflict: the Kashmir insurgency in the nineties," MPRA Paper 38010, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Manuel Fernández & Ana María Ibáñez & Ximena, 2011. "Adjusting the Labour Supply to Mitigate Violent Shocks: Evidence from Rural Colombia," HiCN Working Papers 103, Households in Conflict Network.
  3. Patricia Justino & Marinella Leone & Paola Salardi, 2011. "Education and Conflict Recovery: The Case of Timor Leste," HiCN Working Papers 100, Households in Conflict Network.
  4. Ciarli, Tommaso & Parto, Saeed & Savona, Maria, 2010. "Conflict and Entrepreneurial Activity in Afghanistan: Findings from the National Risk Vulnerability Assessment Data," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Working Paper W, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  5. Pete Tashman & Valentina Marano, 2009. "Dynamic Capabilities and Base of the Pyramid Business Strategies," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 89(4), pages 495-514, March.
  6. Christopher Blattman & Edward Miguel, 2009. "Civil War: A Review of Fifty Years of Research," Working Papers id:2231, eSocialSciences.
  7. Frances Stewart, 2009. "Religion versus Ethnicity as a Source of Mobilisation: Are There Differences?," Research Working Papers 18, MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict.
  8. Christopher Blattman & Edward Miguel, 2010. "Civil War," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 48(1), pages 3-57, March.
  9. Patricia Justino & Ivan Cardona & Rebecca Mitchell & Catherine Müller, 2012. "Quantifying the Impact of Women’s Participation in Post-Conflict Economic Recovery," HiCN Working Papers 131, Households in Conflict Network.
  10. Anton Parlow, 2012. "Armed Conflict and Children’s Health – Exploring new directions: The case of Kashmir," HiCN Working Papers 119, Households in Conflict Network.
  11. Tilman Brück & Patricia Justino & Philip Verwimp & Alexandra Avdeenko, 2010. "Identifying Conflict and Violence in Micro-Level Surveys," Economics of Security Working Paper Series 38, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  12. Inmaculada Serrano, 2010. "Bringing Actors and Conflict into Forced Migration Literature. A Proposed Model of the Decision to Return," HiCN Working Papers 73, Households in Conflict Network.
  13. Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati, 2009. "Does Timing of Elections Instigate Riots? A Subnational Study of 16 Indian States, 1958-2004," Working Papers id:1835, eSocialSciences.
  14. Parlow, Anton, 2012. "Armed conflict and children's health - exploring new directions: The case of Kashmir," MPRA Paper 38033, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  15. Patricia Justino, 2012. "Nutrition, Governance and Violence: A Framework for the Analysis of Resilience and Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Contexts of Violent Conflict," HiCN Working Papers 132, Households in Conflict Network.
  16. Patricia Justino, 2011. "Violent Conflict and Human Capital Accumulation," HiCN Working Papers 99, Households in Conflict Network.

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