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Fixed Effects Estimation of Marginal Railway Infrastructure Costs in Sweden

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    Abstract

    New railway legislation in Sweden has increased the need for transparent access charges on the Swedish railway network. We estimate cost functions for infrastructure operation, maintenance and renewal in the Swedish national railway network, using unobserved effects models and calculate marginal costs for railway infrastructure wear and tear. We find evidence of unobserved fixed effects at a track section level for infrastructure operation and maintenance costs. The estimated weighted average marginal infrastructure operation cost is SEK 0.12 per train kilometre and the estimated marginal maintenance cost is SEK 0.0073 per gross tonne kilometre. Altogether, the results indicate that the current charge for railway infrastructure wear and tear in Sweden is below marginal cost.

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    File URL: http://www.transportportal.se/SWoPEc/MA_Fixed_effects.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Swedish National Road & Transport Research Institute (VTI) in its series Working Papers with number 2007:11.

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    Length: 28 pages
    Date of creation: 25 Apr 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:vtiwps:2007_011

    Note: This paper replaces 2006:6.
    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: VTI, Transport Economics, P.O. Box 6056, SE-171 06 Solna, Sweden
    Phone: +46-13-20 40 00
    Fax: +46-13-14 14 36
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    Web page: http://www.vti.se/tek
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    Related research

    Keywords: Railway; Infrastructure operation; Maintenance; Renewal; Marginal costs; Fixed effects;

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    1. Nash, Chris, 2003. "Marginal cost and other pricing principles for user charging in transport: a comment," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 345-348, October.
    2. Kennedy, J. & Smith, A.S.J., 2003. "Assessing the efficient cost of sustaining Britain’s rail network: perspectives based on Zonal comparisons," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0317, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    3. Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
    4. John Kennedy & Andrew S. J. Smith, 2004. "Assessing the Efficient Cost of Sustaining Britain's Rail Network: Perspectives based on Zonal Comparisons," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 38(2), pages 157-190, May.
    5. Johansson, Per & Nilsson, Jan-Eric, 2004. "An economic analysis of track maintenance costs," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 277-286, July.
    6. Berndt, Ernst R. & Christensen, Laurits R., 1973. "The translog function and the substitution of equipment, structures, and labor in U.S. manufacturing 1929-68," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 81-113, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Andersson, Mats & Smith, Andrew & Wikberg, Åsa & Wheat, Phill, 2012. "Estimating the marginal cost of railway track renewals using corner solution models," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 954-964.

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