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Can Labor Market Imperfections Cause Overprovision of Public Inputs?

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Author Info

  • Martinez, Diego

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University Pablo de Olavide)

  • Sjögren, Tomas

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University)

Abstract

This paper concerns provision of productive public inputs in the presence of unemployment. It is shown that if the government is able to implement optimal taxes on labor income and profit income, respectively, then the public input will be underprovided. On the other hand, if the government is not able to implement an optimal tax on labor income, e.g. because the labor income tax is determined at another level in the public sector (e.g. the municipal or the state level), then overprovision may occur. We derive an equation which links overprovision of the public input to (i) the employment rate and to (ii) the deviation of the actual labor income tax from the optimal level.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Umeå University, Department of Economics in its series Umeå Economic Studies with number 858.

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Length: 13 pages
Date of creation: 16 May 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:umnees:0858

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Postal: Department of Economics, Umeå University, S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
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Web page: http://www.econ.umu.se/
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Keywords: Public Inputs; Trade Unions;

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References

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  1. Wilson, John Douglas, 1991. "Optimal Public Good Provision with Limited Lump-Sum Taxation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(1), pages 153-66, March.
  2. Bovenberg, A.L. & Ploeg, F. van der, 1996. "Optimal taxation, public goods and environmental policy with involuntary unemployment," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-73563, Tilburg University.
  3. Diego Martinez Lopez & A. Jesus Sanchez Fuentes, 2006. "On the optimal level of public inputs," Working Papers 06.34, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics, revised Mar 2008.
  4. Thomas Aronsson & Erkki Koskela, 2008. "Optimal Redistributive Taxation and Provision of Public Input Goods in an Economy with Outsourcing and Unemployment," CESifo Working Paper Series 2481, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Aronsson, Thomas & Wehke, Sven, 2006. "Public Goods, Unemployment and Policy Coordination," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 700, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  6. Ming Chang, 2000. "Rules and Levels in the Provision of Public Goods: The Role of Complementarities between the public Good and Taxed Commodities," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 83-91, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Diego Martinez & Tomas Sjögren, 2012. "Vertical externalities with lump-sum taxes: how much difference does unemployment make?," Working Papers 2012/25, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).

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