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Gender Differences in Competitiveness and Risk Taking: Comparing Children in Colombia and Sweden

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Author Info

  • Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo

    ()
    (Unversidad de los Andes)

  • Dreber, Anna

    ()
    (SIFR)

  • von Essen, Emma

    ()
    (Dept. of Economics, Stockholm University)

  • Ranehill, Eva

    (Stockholm School of Economics)

Abstract

We explore gender differences in preferences for competition and risk among children aged 9-12 in Colombia and Sweden, two countries differing in gender equality according to macro indices. We include four types of tasks that vary in gender stereotyping when looking at competitiveness: running, skipping rope, math and word search. We find that boys and girls are equally competitive in all tasks and all measures in Colombia. Unlike the consistent results in Colombia, the results in Sweden are mixed, with some indication of girls being more competitive than boys in some tasks in terms of performance change, whereas boys are more likely to choose to compete in general. Boys in both countries are more risk taking than girls, with a smaller gender gap in Sweden.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm University, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2010:18.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 04 Nov 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe:2010_0018

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Keywords: Competitiveness; risk preferences; children; gender differences; experiment;

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  1. Cooperación y Competencia en los Niños: el papel de las habilidades no-cognitivas en la acumulación de capital humano y capital social desde las edades tempranas
    by Juan Camilo Cárdenas in Foco Económico on 2011-03-29 12:00:00
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