Do Gender Quotas Influence Women’s Representation and Policies?
AbstractThis paper investigates the effect of applying gender quotas on policy decisions. I first examine the effect of gender quotas on the representation of female legislators, study the correlation between gender quotas and different types of government expenditures, and then use quotas as an instrument for the proportion of female legislators to investigate the effect of female legislators on policy outcomes. The results show that an increase in the share of female legislators by one percentage point increases the ratio of government expenditure on health and social welfare to GDP by 0.18 and 0.67 percentage points, respectively. The robustness check supports that the effect of quotas on female legislators is likely to be translated into the influence of female policymakers on social welfare.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Stockholm University, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2009:3.
Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 15 Jan 2009
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics, Stockholm, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
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More information through EDIRC
female legislator; gender quotas; policy outcomes;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
- H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-01-24 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2009-01-24 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-POL-2009-01-24 (Positive Political Economics)
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