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Immigrant Women and Entrepreneurship: A Study of the Health Care Sector in Sweden, 2002-2006

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Author Info

  • Korpi, Martin

    ()
    (Institute for Economic and Business History Research, Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Hedberg, Charlotta

    ()
    (Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS)

  • Pettersson, Katarina

    ()
    (Nordic Centre for Spatial Development)

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    Abstract

    Using unique Swedish longitudinal full-population data and logistic regression, this paper explores whether start-ups of foreign born female heath care workers are structurally (i.e. comparatively higher unemployment and lower wages) or culturally (defined as country of birth) motivated. While structural factors are significantly related to female entrepreneurship regardless of origin, no additional effect is found whether for foreign born more broadly defined, or when adding specific country of birth. Thus, we conclude that structural disadvantage motives, based on gender rather than ethnicity, dominate over possible cultural motives for entrepreneurship.

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    File URL: http://www.su.se/polopoly_fs/1.123858.1360740331!/menu/standard/file/SULCIS%20WP%2020133.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS in its series SULCIS Working Papers with number 2013:3.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: 14 Feb 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:sulcis:2013_003

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS, Stockholm University, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Web page: http://www.su.se/sulcis
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    Keywords: Immigration; Gender; Entrepreneurship;

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    1. George J. Borjas & Stephen G. Bronars, 1988. "Consumer Discrimination and Self-Employment," NBER Working Papers 2627, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Magnus Lofstrom & Timothy Bates, 2009. "Latina entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(4), pages 427-439, December.
    3. Amelie F. Constant, 2009. "Businesswomen in Germany and their performance by ethnicity: It pays to be self-employed," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 30(1/2), pages 145-162, May.
    4. George J. Borjas, 1986. "The Self-Employment Experience of Immigrants," NBER Working Papers 1942, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. George J. Borjas, 1986. "The Self-Employment Experience of Immigrants," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(4), pages 485-506.
    6. Tüzin Baycan-Levent & Enno Masurel & Peter Nijkamp, 2003. "Gender Differences in Ethnic Entrepreneurship," ERSA conference papers ersa03p499, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Richard Wright, 2000. "The Ethnic and Gender Division of Labor Compared Among Immigrants to Los Angeles," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 567-582, 09.
    8. Qingfang Wang, 2010. "Immigration and Ethnic Entrepreneurship: A Comparative Study in the United States," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 41(3), pages 430-458.
    9. Mats Hammarstedt, 2001. "Immigrant self-employment in Sweden - its variation and some possible determinants," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 147-161, April.
    10. Werner Bönte & Oliver Falck & Stephan Heblich, 2009. "The Impact of Regional Age Structure on Entrepreneurship," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 85(3), pages 269-287, 07.
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