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Labor-Market Frictions and Optimal Inflation

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Author Info

  • Carlsson, Mikael

    ()
    (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

  • Westermark, Andreas

    ()
    (Research Department, Central Bank of Sweden)

Abstract

In central theories of monetary non-neutrality the Ramsey optimal inflation rate varies between the negative of the real interest rate and zero. This paper explores how the interaction of nominal wage and search and matching frictions affect the policy prescription. We show that adding the combination of such frictions to the canonical monetary model can generate an optimal inflation rate that is significantly positive. Specifically, for a standard U.S. calibration, we find a Ramsey optimal inflation rate of 1.11 percent per year.

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File URL: http://www.riksbank.se/Documents/Rapporter/Working_papers/2012/rap_wp259_120309.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden) in its series Working Paper Series with number 259.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 01 Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0259

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Postal: Sveriges Riksbank, SE-103 37 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: 08 - 787 00 00
Fax: 08-21 05 31
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Web page: http://www.riksbank.com/
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Keywords: Optimal Monetary Policy; Inflation; Labor-market Distortions;

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References

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  1. Adam, Klaus & Billi, Roberto M, 2003. "Optimal Monetary Policy Under Commitment with a Zero Bound on Nominal Interest Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 4111, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Ester Faia & Lorenza Rossi, 2010. "Unions Power, Collective Bargaining and Optimal Monetary Policy," Quaderni di Dipartimento 126, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  3. Kai Christoffel & Keith Kuester & Tobias Linzert, 2009. "The role of labor markets for Euro area monetary policy," Working Papers 09-1, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  4. Keeney, Mary & Galusc´ak, Kamil & Smets, Frank & Nicolitsas, Daphne & Strzelecki, Pawel & Vodopivec, Matija, 2010. "The Determination of Wages of Newly Hired Employees: Survey Evidence on Internal versus External Factors," Research Technical Papers 4/RT/10, Central Bank of Ireland.
  5. Thomas, Carlos, 2008. "Search and matching frictions and optimal monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(5), pages 936-956, July.
  6. KIM, Jinill & RUGE-MURCIA, Francisco J., 2009. "Monetary Policy When Wages Are Downwardly Rigid : Friedman Meets Tobin," Cahiers de recherche 15-2009, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  7. Faia, Ester, 2009. "Ramsey monetary policy with labor market frictions," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 570-581, May.
  8. Roberto M. Billi, 2011. "Optimal Inflation for the US Economy," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 3(3), pages 29-52, July.
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