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Truth and Trust in Communication: An Experimental Study of Behavior under Asymmetric Information

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  • Rode, Julian

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    (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)

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    Abstract

    The paper presents an experimental study of truth telling and trust in communication under asymmetric information. In a two-player Communication Game (cf., Gneezy, 2005), an informed “advisor” sends a message to an uninformed “decision maker”, who then has to decide whether to follow the advice. The advisor may gain more by lying in the message. In two treatments, either a cooperative or a competitive context is induced before participants play the Communication Game. Advisors are unaffected by this contextual variation. In contrast, decision makers in the competitive context trust the advice less than in the cooperative context. The data provide evidence that this change in trust is due to different perceptions of the incentive structure. Individual differences in behavior can be related to certain personal characteristics (field of studies, gender, personality test scores). The data are largely in line with Subjective Equilibrium Analysis (Kalai & Lehrer, 1995).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The Ratio Institute in its series Ratio Working Papers with number 111.

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    Length: 45 pages
    Date of creation: 10 Apr 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:ratioi:0111

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    Related research

    Keywords: experimental economics; truth telling; trust; asymmetric information; individual differences; context effects; subjective beliefs;

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