Energy in a Bathtub: Electricity Trade between Countries with Different Generation Technologies
AbstractMany countries have followed a policy of being self-sufficient in electricity. However, in the last two decades exchange of electricity across borders has become more widespread, and the European Union's policy is to encourage a gradual expansion of crossborder trading and integration of electricity markets. It is therefore of interest to study what happens with the price formation in home markets when borders are opened up for trade in electricity and generating technologies differ. There is a common international market, Nord Pool, between the Nordic countries since 1996, and trade now takes place between many European countries on a bilateral basis. A stylised general equilibrium model of trade of electricity between two countries; Hydro and Thermal, with hydro and thermal technologies, is used to investigate price and quantity consequences going from autarky to trade in a competitive market, as revealed by using a social planning perspective for cooperation between countries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Oslo University, Department of Economics in its series Memorandum with number 17/2009.
Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: 06 Aug 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Modern cost-benefit analysis of hydropower conflicts, Johansson, per-olov, Kristrøm, bengt (eds.), 2011, chapter 6, pages 76-96, Edward Elgar.
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Postal: Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1095 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway
Phone: 22 85 51 27
Fax: 22 85 50 35
Web page: http://www.oekonomi.uio.no/indexe.html
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Electricity; hydropower; thermal power; international trade;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
- Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-09-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2009-09-11 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-INT-2009-09-11 (International Trade)
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