Climate policies and induced technological change : which to choose the carrot or the stick?
AbstractPolicies to reduce emissions of greenhousegases such as CO 2, will affect the rate andpattern of technological change in alternativeenergy supply and other production processes.Imperfections in markets for non-pollutingtechnologies imply that a decentralised economydoes not deliver a socially optimal outcome,and this could justify policy interventionssuch as subsidies. This paper considers thewelfare effects of technology subsidies as partof a carbon abatement policy package. We arguethat the presence of spillovers in alternativeenergy technologies does not necessarily implythat subsidy policies are welfare improving. Weillustrate this point in the context of ageneral equilibrium model with two forms ofcarbon-free energy, an existing âalternative energyâ which is a substitute for carbon-basedfuels, and ânew vintage energyâ which providesa carbon-free replacement for existing energyservices. Subsidisation of alternative energyon the grounds of spillover effects can bewelfare-worsening if it crowds-out new vintagetechnologies. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Oslo University, Department of Economics in its series Memorandum with number 26/2001.
Date of creation: 2001
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- Snorre Kverndokk & Knut Rosendahl & Thomas Rutherford, 2004. "Climate Policies and Induced Technological Change: Which to Choose, the Carrot or the Stick?," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 27(1), pages 21-41, January.
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