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Ethnic Diversity and Civil War

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Author Info

  • Tangerås, Thomas P.

    ()
    (The Research Institute of Industrial Economics)

  • Lagerlöf, Nils-Petter

    (Department of Economics)

Abstract

We construct a model in which a number of equally powerful ethnic groups compete for power by engaging in civil war. In non-redistributive equilibrium, ethnically homogeneous and ethnically diverse countries face a lower probability of civil war than countries with a moderate degree of ethnic diversity. The likelihood of conflict is maximized when there are two ethnic groups. When rent-extraction possibilities are not too big and society sufficiently ethnically homogeneous, there also exists a pacific equilibrium path sustained by redistribution from the ruling group to the out-of-power groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute of Industrial Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 589.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 14 Oct 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0589

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Keywords: Civil War; Ethnic Diversity; Redistribution; Dynamic Game;

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References

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  1. Abreu, Dilip, 1986. "Extremal equilibria of oligopolistic supergames," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 191-225, June.
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  7. Easterly, William, 2000. "Can institutions resolve ethnic conflict ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2482, The World Bank.
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  9. Neary, Hugh M, 1997. " A Comparison of Rent-Seeking Models and Economic Models of Conflict," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 93(3-4), pages 373-88, December.
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  11. Collier, Paul & Hoeffler, Anke, 1998. "On Economic Causes of Civil War," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 563-73, October.
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  13. Jack Hirshleifer, 1989. "Conflict and rent-seeking success functions: Ratio vs. difference models of relative success," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 63(2), pages 101-112, November.
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Cited by:
  1. Mehlum, Halvor & Moene, Karl-Ove, 2003. "Battlefields and Marketplaces," Memorandum 11/2002, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  2. Bridgman, Benjamin, 2008. "Why are ethnically divided countries poor?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 1-18, March.

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