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The gender gap in workplace authority in Sweden 1968-2000 – a family affair?

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  • Bygren, Magnus

    ()
    (Department of Sociology, Stockholm University)

  • Gähler, Michael

    ()
    (The Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University)

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    Abstract

    We assess whether the gender gap in authority in Sweden has changed during the period 1968–2000, and investigate to what extent family factors are responsible for this gap. We find that the gap has narrowed modestly during this period, and identify the life-event of parenthood as a major cause of the gap. When men become fathers, they gain authority; when women become mothers, they do not. Our fixed effects panel estimates of the effects of family factors deviate from the cross-sectional estimates, suggesting that unobserved individual heterogeneity – routinely neglected in this line of research – matters.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2007:28.

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    Length: 35 pages
    Date of creation: 30 Oct 2007
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published as Bygren, Magnus and Michael Gähler, 'Family Formation and Men's and Women's Attainment of Workplace Authority' in Social Forces, 2012, pages 795-816.
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2007_028

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    Keywords: Workplace authority; gender gap; work-family balance; Sweden;

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    1. Andersson, Christian, 2007. "Teacher density and student achievement in Swedish compulsory schools," Working Paper Series 2007:4, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    2. Nordin, Martin, 2007. "Immigrants' return to schooling in Sweden," Working Paper Series 2007:12, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    3. van den Berg, Gerard J. & Lindeboom, Maarten & Lopez, Marta, 2009. "Inequality in individual mortality and economic conditions earlier in life," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 69(9), pages 1360-1367, November.
    4. Lundin, Daniela & Mörk, Eva & Öckert, Björn, 2007. "Do reduced child care prices make parents work more?," Working Paper Series 2007:2, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    5. Andersson, Christian & Waldenström, Nina, 2007. "Teacher supply and the market for teachers," Working Paper Series 2007:5, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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