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Does Gibrat’s Law Hold for Retailing? Evidence from Sweden

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  • Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov

    (The Ratio Institute (RATIO))

  • Elert, Niklas

    (The Ratio Institute (RATIO))

  • Lang, Åsa

    (School of Technology and Business Studies)

Abstract

Gibrat’s Law predicts that firm growth is a purely random effect and therefore should be independent of firm size. The purpose of this paper is to test Gibrat’s law within the retail industry, using a novel data-set comprising all Swedish limited liability companies active at some point between 1998 and 2004. Very few studies have previously investigated whether Gibrat’s Law seems to hold for retailing, and they are based on highly aggregated data. Our results indicate that Gibrat´s Law can be rejected for a large majority of five-digit retail industries in Sweden, since small retail firms tend to grow faster than large ones.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HUI Research in its series HUI Working Papers with number 47.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:huiwps:0047

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Keywords: firm dynamics; firm size; firm growth; retail industry;

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  1. Audretsch, David B. & Santarelli, Enrico & Vivarelli, Marco, 1999. "Start-up size and industrial dynamics: some evidence from Italian manufacturing," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(7), pages 965-983, October.
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