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Gender differences in competitiveness and risk taking: comparing children in Colombia and Sweden

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Author Info

  • Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Universidad de los Andes)

  • Dreber, Anna

    ()
    (Institute for Financial Research (SIFR))

  • von Essen, Emma

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Stockholm University)

  • Ranehill, Eva

    ()
    (Dept. of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics)

Abstract

We explore gender differences in preferences for competition and risk among children aged 9-12 in Colombia and Sweden, two countries differing in gender equality according to macro indices. We include four types of tasks that vary in gender stereotyping when looking at competitiveness: running, skipping rope, math and word search. We find that boys and girls are equally competitive in all tasks and all measures in Colombia. Unlike the consistent results in Colombia, the results in Sweden are mixed, with some indication of girls being more competitive than boys in some tasks in terms of performance change, whereas boys are more likely to choose to compete in general. Boys in both countries are more risk taking than girls, with a smaller gender gap in Sweden.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 730.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: 02 Nov 2010
Date of revision: 03 Jun 2011
Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0730

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Keywords: competitiveness; risk preferences; children; gender differences; experiment;

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References

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  3. Alison L. Booth & Patrick Nolen, 2009. "Choosing to Compete: How Different are Girls and Boys?," CEPR Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University 602, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
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  18. Juan-Camilo Cárdenas & Anna Drebber & Emma von Essen & Eva Ranehill, 2012. "Gender and Cooperation in Children: Experiments in Colombia and Sweden," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 009800, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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  20. Christopher Cotton & Frank McIntyre & Joseph Price, 2009. "Gender Differences Disappear with Exposure to Competition," Working Papers, University of Miami, Department of Economics 2010-11, University of Miami, Department of Economics.
  21. William Harbaugh & Kate Krause & Lise Vesterlund, 2002. "Risk attitudes of children and adults: Choices over small and large probability gains and losses," Artefactual Field Experiments, The Field Experiments Website 00055, The Field Experiments Website.
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  1. Cooperación y Competencia en los Niños: el papel de las habilidades no-cognitivas en la acumulación de capital humano y capital social desde las edades tempranas
    by Juan Camilo Cárdenas in Foco Económico on 2011-03-29 12:00:00
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