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National and International Spillovers from R&D: Comparing a Neoclassical and an Endogenous Growth Approach

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Author Info

  • Braconier, Henrik

    (Department of Economics, Lund University)

  • Sjöholm, Fredrik

    ()
    (The European Institute of Japanese Studies)

Abstract

Two models where productivity growth is caused by spillovers from R&D are analysed using a sample of nine manufacturing industries in six large OECD-countries between 1979 and 1991. The first model is based on traditional productivity analysis where growth in R&D stocks causes productivity growth. The second model is based on the endogenous growth literature where the level of R&D expenditures is assumed to increase productivity growth. The empirical results indicate stronger support for the latter model. The pattern of spillovers is also investigated. The results suggest that spillovers from R&D exist within industries, both nationally and internationally. There is, however, little evidence of spillovers between industries. The empirical evidence further suggests that intra-industry spillovers are confined to industries that are relatively R&D-intensive. Finally, direct foreign investment seem to facilitate the diffusion of R&D results, but we do not find any effect on growth from R&D embodied in intermediate products.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 211.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 11 Dec 1997
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0211

Note: Revised version forthcoming in Weltwirtshcaftliches Archiv (1998).
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Keywords: R&D; spillovers; growth; trade; DFI;

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References

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  1. Blomstrom, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 1998. " Multinational Corporations and Spillovers," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(3), pages 247-77, July.
  2. Sveikauskas, Leo, 1981. "Technological Inputs and Multifactor Productivity Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(2), pages 275-82, May.
  3. Griliches, Zvi, 1980. "R & D and the Productivity Slowdown," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 343-48, May.
  4. Schankerman, Mark, 1981. "The Effects of Double-Counting and Expensing on the Measured Returns to R&D," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 63(3), pages 454-58, August.
  5. Jeffrey Bernstein & Pierre Mohnen, . "International R&D Spillovers Between U.S. and Japanese R&D Intensive Sectors," Carleton Industrial Organization Research Unit (CIORU) 94-04, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bitzer, Jürgen & Kerekes, Monika, 2005. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Transfer Technology Across Borders? A Reexamination," Discussion Papers 2005/7, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
  2. Salvador Barrios & Eric Strobl, 2002. "Foreign direct investment and productivity spillovers: Evidence from the Spanish experience," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 138(3), pages 459-481, September.
  3. Peri, Giovanni, 2003. "Knowledge Flows, R&D Spillovers and Innovation," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-40, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Richard Baldwin & Henrik Braconier & Rikard Forslid, 2005. "Multinationals, Endogenous Growth, and Technological Spillovers: Theory and Evidence," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(5), pages 945-963, November.
  5. Carmela Martin & Francisco J. Velazquez & Jorge Crespo., 2001. "The Role of International Technological Spillovers in the Economic Growth of the OECD Countries ," European Economy Group Working Papers 6, European Economy Group.
  6. Carmela Martin & Francisco J. Velazquez & Bernard Funck, 2001. "European Integration and Income Convergence : Lessons for Central and Eastern European Countries," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13968, October.
  7. Y Wei & X Liu, 2006. "Productivity spillovers from R&D, exports and FDI in China's manufacturing sector," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 37(4), pages 544-557, July.
  8. Liqun Zhou & Liangke Xia, 2010. "How R&D investments influence TFP growth: Evidence from China’s large and medium-sized industrial enterprises," Frontiers of Economics in China, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 537-558, December.
  9. Giovanni Peri, 2004. "Knowledge Flows and Productivity," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 94(2), pages 21-59, March-Apr.

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