Technology Sourcing in Swedish MNEs and SMEs: Evidence from Patent Data
AbstractUsing data from Swedish patent applications, this paper examines the pattern of foreign technology sourcing in Swedish multinational and non-multinational firms. The results show that both types of firms are more likely to make references to countries with large patent stocks and to countries that are located close to Sweden. Contacts with foreigners, in the form of trade and FDI also seem to facilitate the transfer of foreign technology to Sweden. However, trade contacts seem to be more important for technology sourcing in SMEs than in MNEs. Moreover, the results suggest that outward FDI is a significant channel for the diffusion of foreign technology to MNEs as well as to non- multinational firms, while inward FDI seems to have a negative impact on the probability that the investing country is referenced in Swedish patent documents.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 125.
Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Sep 1996
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Kyklos, 2000, pages 17-38.
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Postal: The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
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More information through EDIRC
Technology transfer; patents; trade; FDI;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O3 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights
- F1 - International Economics - - Trade
- F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
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