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Clusters, Functional Regions and Cluster Policies

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Author Info

  • Karlsson, Charlie

    ()
    (Jönköping International Business School (JIBS) and CESIS)

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of research on economic clusters and clustering and is motivated by the growing intellectual and political interest for the subject. Functional regions have the features that agglomeration of economic activities i.e. clusters, benefit from. Functional regions have low intra-regional transaction and transportation cost and has access to the local labour market. The features of spatial economic concentration were for a long time disregarded and it was first in the early 1990s that Krugman brought the subject into the stage light. The scientific interests of cluster and clustering phenomenon have after the “new” introduction rapidly increased in the last decade. Hence, the subject is being thought at various education levels. The importance of cluster and clustering has also been recognized at a national, regional and local level and cluster policies are becoming a major part of political thinking. These policies are however often based on a scarce analysis where no strict criterions are stated.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 84.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 28 Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0084

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Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 790 95 63
Web page: http://www.infra.kth.se/cesis/
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Related research

Keywords: cluster; location; functional region; knowledge; innovation; entrepreneurship; cluster policy;

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Cited by:
  1. Anastasiia Konstantynova & James Wilson, . "Comparing Cluster Policies: An Analytical Framework," Working Papers 2014R01, Basque Institute of Competitiveness.
  2. Bögenhold, Dieter & Fachinger, Uwe, 2010. "How Diverse is Entrepreneurship? Observations on the social heterogeneity of self-employment in Germany," MPRA Paper 23271, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Bögenhold, Dieter & Fachinger, Uwe, 2009. "Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Spatial Disparities: Divisions and Changes of Self-employment and Firms," MPRA Paper 19245, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Berdegué, J. & Jara, B. & Fuentealba, R. & Tohá, J. & Modrego, F. & Schejtman, A. & Bro, N., 2011. "Territorios Funcionales en Chile," Working papers 102, Rimisp Latin American Center for Rural Development.

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