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Russian banking: The state makes a comeback?

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  • Vernikov, Andrei

    ()
    (BOFIT)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to carefully assess the size of public sector within the Russian banking industry. We identify and classify at least 78 state-influenced banks. For the state-owned banks, we distinguish between those that are majority-owned by federal executive authorities or Central Bank of Russia, by sub-federal (regional and municipal) authorities, by state-owned enterprises and banks, and by ‘state corporations’. We estimate their combined market share to have reached 56% of total assets by July 1, 2009. Banks indirectly owned by public capital are the fastest-growing group. Concentration is increasing within the public sector of the industry, with the top five state-controlled banking groups in possession of over 49% of assets. We observe a crowding out and erosion of domestic private capital, whose market share is shrinking from year to year. Several of the largest state-owned banks now constitute a de facto intermediate tier at the core of the banking system. We argue that the direction of ownership change in Russian banking is different from that in CEE countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition in its series BOFIT Discussion Papers with number 24/2009.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 21 Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:bofitp:2009_024

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Postal: Bank of Finland, BOFIT, P.O. Box 160, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Phone: + 358 10 831 2268
Fax: + 358 10 831 2294
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Web page: http://www.suomenpankki.fi/bofit_en/
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Keywords: Russian banks; transition; banking; state; government; public sector; state-owned banks; state-controlled banks; state-influenced banks;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fungachova, Z. & Solanko, L., 2010. "Has Banks’ Financial Intermediation Improved in Russia?," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, issue 8, pages 101-116.
  2. Fungacova, Zuzana & Herrala, Risto & Weill, Laurent, 2011. "The Influence of Bank Ownership on Credit Supply: Evidence from the Recent Financial Crisis," BOFIT Discussion Papers 34/2011, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  3. Zuzana Fungáèová & Petr Jakubík, 2012. "Bank Stress Tests as an Information Device for Emerging Markets: The Case of Russia," Working Papers IES 2012/04, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Feb 2012.
  4. Fungacova, Zuzana & Korhonen, Iikka, 2011. "Like China, the Chinese banking sector is in a class of its own," BOFIT Discussion Papers 32/2011, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  5. Andrei Vernikov, 2011. "Government Banking in Russia: Magnitude and New Features," IWH Discussion Papers 13, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Vernikov, Andrei, 2012. "«Национальные Чемпионы» В Структуре Российского Рынка Банковских Услуг
    [National champions and the competitive structure of the Russia
    ," MPRA Paper 40236, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Vernikov, Andrei, 2010. "Direct and indirect state ownership on banks in Russia," MPRA Paper 21373, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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