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Gender differences in promotion into top-management jobs

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Author Info

  • Bell, Linda

    (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

  • Smith, Nina

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

  • Smith, Valdemar

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

  • Verner, Mette

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

Abstract

In this paper the promotion process of top executive officers (CEOs) in Danish private firms is analysed. The main research question to be analysed is whether the lower chances for women to become promoted into top management jobs are mainly attributable to individual background characteristics and special focus is given to the effects of family related variables. The descriptive statistics suggest that the family background (marital status, number of children, spouse labour force participation, education and occupation) differs substantially by gender of individuals in top management. Furthermore, we will try to detect whether women in women-led companies are more likely to be promoted than women in firms managed by men only. The regression results show that the child variables have different effects for women (none) than for men (positive). This is interpreted as evidence of statistical discrimination of women, as the (potential) negative effect of children and parental leave behaviour is included in the constant term and hence applies to all women in the pool of potentials. Furthermore, males’ career opportunities are declining if the wife is working, whereas the women’s careers are only affected if their husbands have a high level occupation. The results also suggest that women employed in women-led firms are more likely to be promoted than in the case of not women-led firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 08-21.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:aareco:2008_021

Contact details of provider:
Postal: The Aarhus School of Business, Prismet, Silkeborgvej 2, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Phone: +45 89 486396
Fax: +45 8615 5175
Web page: http://www.asb.dk/departments/nat.aspx
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Related research

Keywords: Promotion process; Gender differences; Top management;

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Cited by:
  1. Davide Sala & Erdal Yalcin, 2012. "Export Experience of Managers and the Internationalization of Firms," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 139, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  2. Yalcin, Erdal & Sala, Davide, 2011. "The Role of Management in the Internationalization Process of a Firm," Annual Conference 2011 (Frankfurt, Main): The Order of the World Economy - Lessons from the Crisis 48706, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  3. Bednar, Steven & Gicheva, Dora, 2014. "Are Female Supervisors More Female-Friendly?," Working Papers 14-1, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.

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