A Human Development Index by Internal Migration Status
AbstractMigration continues to be a very important income diversification strategy, especially for poor populations in developing countries. However, while there has been much analysis on the economic consequences of migration for migrants and the receiving regions, whether internal migration improves or deteriorates human development is not easy to determine. This papers applies a recently development analytical framework that allows to calculate the HDI for subgroups of a population. We use this approach to calculate the HDI by internal migrational status to assess the differences between the levels of human development of internal migrants compared to non-migrants, and also across countries as well as by urban and rural areas. An empirical illustration for a sample of 16 low and middle income countries shows that, overall, internal migrants slightly achieve a higher level of human development than non-migrants. The results also show that differences in income between migrants and non-migrants are generally higher than differences in education and life-expectancy. Disaggregating the analysis by urban and rural areas reveals that urban internal migrants are better o® than urban non-migrants and rural migrants are better off than rural non-migrants.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in its series Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) with number HDRP-2009-54.
Length: 68 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision: Oct 2009
Publication status: Published as background research for the 2009 Human Development Report.
Human Development; Migration Income Inequality; Differential Mortality; Inequality in Education;
Other versions of this item:
- Kenneth Harttgen & Stephan Klasen, 2011. "A Human Development Index by Internal Migrational Status," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 393-424.
- Kenneth Harttgen & Stephan Klasen, 2009. "A Human Development Index by Internal Migrational Status," Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 5, Courant Research Centre PEG.
- Harttgen, Kenneth & Klasen, Stephan, 2009. "A Human Development Index by Internal Migrational Status," MPRA Paper 19237, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
- D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
- I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
- J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
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