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The Bloody Millennium: Internal Conflict in South Asia

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  • Lakshmi Iyer

    ()
    (Harvard Business School, Business, Government and the International Economy Unit)

Abstract

This paper documents the short-term and long-term trends in internal conflict in South Asian countries, using multiple data sources. I find that incidents of terrorism have been rising across South Asia over the past decade, and this increase has been concentrated in economically lagging regions in the post-2001 period. This is in contrast to both the historical patterns of conflict, and the evolution of other types of violence. Analyzing the role of economic, geographic and demographic factors, I find that poorer areas have significantly higher levels of conflict intensity. The paper reviews the various approaches taken by governments to deal with conflict, contrasting security-based approaches with political accommodation and economic approaches. Finally, the paper reviews the potential role of regional cooperation in mitigating conflict.

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File URL: http://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/09-086.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Harvard Business School in its series Harvard Business School Working Papers with number 09-086.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hbs:wpaper:09-086

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Cited by:
  1. Joseph Flavian Gomes, 2012. "The political economy of the Maoist conflict in India : an empirical analysis," Economics Working Papers we1218, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  2. Iyer, Lakshmi & Santos, Indhira, 2012. "Creating jobs in South Asia's conflict zones," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6104, The World Bank.

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