Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Food Stamp and WIC Take-Up and the Relationship between Take-Up and TANF Recidivism Among Illinois TANF Leavers

Contents:

Author Info

  • Mairead Reidy
  • Meejung Chin
  • Duck-Hye Yang
  • Robert M. Goerge
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    Food assistance programs are an integral component of the public assistance safety net for the working poor, but many families do not use these programs when eligible to do so. In this paper, we use linked administrative data from the Illinois Integrated Database (IDB) to examine the patterns of nonparticipation in two food assistance programs—the Food Stamp Program (FSP) and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)—among Illinois families with young children that leave cash assistance but continue to be eligible for these programs.1 We examine how participation in one of these programs is correlated with the decision to participate in the other and begin to explore how participation is correlated with TANF recidivism. We restrict our analysis to a group of TANF leavers with children under age 5 (ages 0-4)—a group that is likely eligible for both programs at TANF exit. We begin by using simple descriptive statistics to identify nonparticipation rates in both programs. We then use logistic regression analyses to understand the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of low-income families who do not take up these programs when eligible to do so. Finally, we begin to explore how nonparticipation is correlated with recidivism to cash assistance, using a series of hazard analyses to begin to identify the importance of both the independent and combined effects of FSP and WIC participation on return to cash assistance. A significant body of research indicates that nonparticipation in both FSP and WIC is widespread, and we are beginning to learn more about the characteristics of those who decline participation in either program. We also know that those who continue to use food stamps when exiting cash assistance have a lower probability of returning to cash assistance relative to those who lose benefits at exit. However, existing research does not typically distinguish those who are eligible for Food Stamps from those who are not. The focus of research on the effects of WIC participation has typically been on child health and nutritional outcomes, and very little work to date has examined WIC’s role as a financial stabilizer for families. Furthermore, there has been no systematic effort to study the interaction of the FSP and WIC among a population likely to be eligible for both programs or to examine the effects of multiple program participation on the self sufficiency pathways of families. This paper begins to fill this gap. To do so, we follow a series of new TANF entry cohorts from the time of entry between 1995 and 1997 over time through December 2001. For those who exit TANF with children aged 0-4 (a criteria for eligibility for WIC), we use Unemployment Insurance (UI) wage records to estimate eligibility for the FSP (130 percent of federal poverty level) and WIC (185 percent of federal poverty level). Using Food Stamp and WIC administrative data records, we distinguish between those who are eligible and take up services (program participants) and those who are eligible but do not take up services (nonparticipants), and we examine how TANF recidivism varies across these groups.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://harrisschool.uchicago.edu/about/publications/working-papers/pdf/wp_05_06.pdf
    Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 404 Not Found. If this is indeed the case, please notify (Eleanor Cartelli)
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago in its series Working Papers with number 0506.

    as in new window
    Length:
    Date of creation: Feb 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:har:wpaper:0506

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637
    Phone: 773-702-8400
    Email:
    Web page: http://harrisschool.uchicago.edu/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: TANF; WIC; recidivism relationship;

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:har:wpaper:0506. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Eleanor Cartelli) The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Eleanor Cartelli to update the entry or send us the correct address.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.