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Betriebliche Determinanten von Teilzeitarbeit, Mini- und Midi-Jobs; Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse mit niedersächsischen Betriebsdaten

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  • Pfeifer, Christian

Abstract

The paper analyzes the determinants of part-time employment, mini- and midi-jobs in Germany. Theory implies that all three employment types could be used as instruments of flexibility to react flexibly to demand shocks. But the empirical analysis shows that only mini- and midi-jobs are significantly correlated with the demand shock and that they are used as working time flexibility instead of a peripheral workforce. A restraint for working hours reductions are quasi-fixed employment costs so that firms with a higher share of qualified employees in their workforce make less use of such a reduction. Overall the empirical findings suggest that working time preferences of the employees are a key factor. Furthermore, mini- and midi-jobs are used more likely and intense if there are no representations of employees interests.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät in its series Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) with number dp-324.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:han:dpaper:dp-324

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Keywords: Teilzeitarbeit; geringfügige Beschäftigung; Mini-Jobs; Midi-Jobs;

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References

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  1. Buddelmeyer, Hielke & Mourre, Gilles & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., 2005. "Part-Time Work in EU Countries: Labour Market Mobility, Entry and Exit," IZA Discussion Papers 1550, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  3. Viktor Steiner & Katharina Wrohlich, 2004. "Work Incentives and Labor Supply Effects of the 'Mini-Jobs Reform' in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 438, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Rebitzer, James B & Taylor, Lowell J, 1991. "A Model of Dual Labor Markets When Product Demand Is Uncertain," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(4), pages 1373-83, November.
  5. Koch, Angelika & Bäcker, Gerhard, 2003. "Mini- und Midi-Jobs als Niedrigeinkommensstrategie in der Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Erfolgsstory oder Festschreibung des geschlechtsspezifisch segregierten Arbeitsmarktes?," WSI Discussion Papers 117, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut (WSI), Hans-Böckler-Stiftung.
  6. Buddelmeyer, Hielke & Mourre, Gilles & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., 2004. "Recent Developments in Part-Time Work in EU-15 Countries: Trends and Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 1415, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  17. Montgomery, Mark, 1988. "On the Determinants of Employer Demand for Part-Time Workers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(1), pages 112-17, February.
  18. Elke Holst, 2001. "Institutionelle Determinanten der Erwerbsarbeit: Zur Notwendigkeit einer Gender-Perspektive in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 237, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  19. S. Illeris & G. Akehurst, 2002. "Introduction," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 1-3, January.
  20. James B. Rebitzer & Lowell J. Taylor, 1991. "Work Incentives and the Demand for Primary and Contingent Labor," NBER Working Papers 3647, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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