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Alternative Flexibilisierungsstrategien der Beschäftigung

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  • Carstensen, Vivian
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    Abstract

    Dieser Beitrag wägt Vorteile und Nachteile verschiedener Flexibilisierungsstrategien ab, die der Stabilisierung des Beschäftigungsniveaus dienen. Insgesamt zeigt sich, daß Arbeitszeitflexibilisierung durch Arbeitszeitkonten alternativen kurzfristig ausgerichteten Anpassungsmechanismen aus Kosten und Nutzenerwägungen heraus überlegen ist. Thematisiert werden Überstunden, Kurzarbeit, Entkoppelung von Arbeits und Betriebszeiten, Kombination von Stamm und Randbelegschaften, temporäre Einstellungen und Freisetzungen sowie Sozialpläne und Vorruhestandsregelungen. Darüber hinaus werden personal und absatzpolitische Maßnahmen diskutiert, die die genannten Instrumente nicht zwangläufig ersetzen, sondern ergänzend zum Einsatz kommen können. Besonders hervorzuheben ist dabei die positive Wirkung qualifikatorischer Flexibilität, die beispielsweise Multiskilling und variierende Arbeitsaufgaben beinhaltet.

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    File URL: http://diskussionspapiere.wiwi.uni-hannover.de/pdf_bib/dp-229.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät in its series Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) with number dp-229.

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    Length: 18 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 1999
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    Handle: RePEc:han:dpaper:dp-229

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    Keywords: Nachfrageschwankungen; Beschäftigungsanpassung; Arbeitszeitkonten; Mehrarbeit; Kurzarbeit; Qualifikationsstruktur; Preispolitik;

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    References

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    1. Ernst Fehr & Armin Falk, 1999. "Wage Rigidity in a Competitive Incomplete Contract Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(1), pages 106-134, February.
    2. Chiappori, Pierre-Andre & Macho, Ines & Rey, Patrick & Salanie, Bernard, 1994. "Repeated moral hazard: The role of memory, commitment, and the access to credit markets," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1527-1553, October.
    3. Dewatripont, Mathias, 1988. "Commitment through Renegotiation-Proof Contracts with Third Parties," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 377-89, July.
    4. Lazear, Edward P, 1979. "Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1261-84, December.
    5. Nickell, S J, 1978. "Fixed Costs, Employment and Labour Demand over the Cycle," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 45(180), pages 329-45, November.
    6. Lazear, Edward P, 1981. "Agency, Earnings Profiles, Productivity, and Hours Restrictions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 606-20, September.
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    Cited by:
    1. Carstensen, Vivian, 2000. "Employment Stability via Annualized Hours Contracts," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP), Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät dp-230, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    2. Carstensen, Vivian, 1999. "Beschäftigungssicherung durch Arbeitszeitflexibilisierung," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP), Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät dp-228, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

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