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Comment le dollar devient-il une monnaie internationale ?

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  • Michel Lelart

    ()
    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR6221 - Université d'Orléans)

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    Abstract

    Le dollar n'est pas une monnaie comme une autre, il est aussi une monnaie internationale. Ou plutôt il devient une monnaie internationale, chaque fois qu'il est transféré par les Etats-Unis au reste du monde. Cet article analyse toutes ces opérations qui sont regroupées dans la balance des paiements américaine et considère celle-ci comme le bilan d'une banque créatrice de monnaie. Il oppose ces mécanismes de création à ceux d'intermédiation qui sont habituellement privilégiés. Il poursuit ensuite l'analyse au niveau des stocks à travers la position financière internationale des Etats-Unis. Enfin il commente l'évolution de cette création de monnaie internationale par les Etats-Unis, en flux et en stocks, notamment l'impact de la crise dans les années 2008-2009.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/83/23/89/PDF/dr201110.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00832389.

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    Date of creation: 10 Jun 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00832389

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00832389
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    Keywords: dollars US - balance des paiements US - position financière internationale des Etats-Unis - liquidités internationales;

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