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Sélection naturelle ou volonté de puissance : comment interpréter le processus de destruction créatrice ?

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  • André Lapied

    ()
    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

  • Sophie Swaton

    ()
    (Université de Lausanne - Université de Lausanne)

Abstract

Aussi surprenant que cela puisse paraître, c'est à Werner Sombart et non à Joseph Schumpeter que l'on doit l'apparition du terme de destruction créatrice en économie. Il faut également noter que, contrairement à Schumpeter, Sombart revendique pleinement l'influence nietzschéenne. Mais, d'un autre côté, Sombart recourt également aux théories évolutionnistes, alors que Nietzsche a construit son propre concept de destruction créatrice de manière très critique vis-à-vis de l'évolutionnisme. Dans la mesure où le fait de se référer à deux thèses opposées pour fonder une théorie peut apparaître contradictoire, ce papier s'est donné pour objet d'examiner laquelle de ces positions semble la plus légitime pour éclairer le concept de destruction créatrice.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00609058.

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Date of creation: 18 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00609058

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Keywords: destruction créatrice; concurrence; théories évolutionnistes; Schumpeter; Nietzsche; volonté de puissance; innovation; entrepreneur;

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