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Commerce du mil en Afrique de l'Ouest : les frontières abolies ?

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  • Catherine Araujo Bonjean

    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

  • Magali Aubert

    (MOISE - INRA - INRA)

  • Johny Egg

    (MOISE - INRA - INRA)

Abstract

L'objectif de ce papier est de déterminer les zones d'intégration des marchés du mil au sein du sous espace régional africain constitué par le Niger, le Mali et le Burkina Faso en croisant différents indicateurs construits à partir des prix de marchés. Dans un premier temps une analyse de la persistance des chocs de prix est conduite à partir de modèles univariés sur les écarts de prix entre deux marchés. Dans un deuxième temps, les liens entre les différents marchés sont examinés à partir des tests de causalité de Granger et des fonctions de réponses impulsionnelles dérivées de modèles VAR multivariés. Les fonctions impulsionnelles, identifiées à partir de la méthodologie développée par Pesaran et Shin (1998) et Koop et al. (1996), permettent de prendre en compte le fait que des chocs non anticipés peuvent perturber simultanément tous les marchés. Les résultats montrent une bonne intégration des marchés au sein des espaces nationaux mais une mauvaise intégration des marchés entre pays voisins. Bien que les pays étudiés appartiennent à une même union monétaire et une même union douanière, l'analyse révèle la persistance d'un « effet frontière » traduisant la présence de couts de transaction liés au commerce transfrontalier.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00556667.

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Date of creation: 17 Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00556667

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Related research

Keywords: effet frontière; integration des marches; prix céréaliers; afrique; VAR;

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  1. Pesaran, M. H. & Shin, Y., 1997. "Generalised Impulse Response Analysis in Linear Multivariate Models," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9710, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
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Cited by:
  1. Aker, Jenny C. & Klein, Michael W. & O'Connell, Stephen A. & Yang, Muzhe, 2014. "Borders, ethnicity and trade," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-16.
  2. Claudio Araujo & Catherine Araujo Bonjean & Stéphanie Brunelin, 2011. "Alert at Maradi: preventing food crisis using price signals," Working Papers halshs-00552240, HAL.
  3. Kelly, Valerie A. & Murekezi, Abdoul Karim & Me-Nsope, Nathalie Mongue & Perakis, Sonja Melissa & Mather, David, 2013. "Cereal Market Dynamics: The Malian Experience from the 1990s to Present," Food Security International Development Working Papers 146935, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  4. Perakis, Sonja Melissa, 2012. "“Changing Spatial Maize Price Relationships in West Africa”," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124910, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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