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The Differential Impact Of Federal And State Minimum Wages On Teenage Employment

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  • Stephen Bazen

    ()
    (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II - Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - CNRS : UMR6579)

  • Julie Le Gallo

    ()
    (CRESE - Centre de REcherche sur les Stratégies Economiques - Université de Franche-Comté)

Abstract

The "new economics of the minimum wage" is based on the findings from case studies that minimum wages had no effect on employment and may even have increased it. This conclusion is at odds with the findings of earlier studies and those of a number of more recent studies which find a statistically significant negative effect on teenage employment. These conflicting results constitute a puzzle. We find that this is due to minimum wage hikes implemented at the state-level having no negative effects on teenage employment during the 1980s and 1990s, while the federal hikes of the 1990s did. In states without their own minimum wages, the decline in the relative value of the federal minimum wage during the 1980s gave rise to an increase in low-wage employment that was subsequently checked and reversed by the federal hikes in the early 1990s.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00408016.

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Date of creation: 28 Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00408016

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Keywords: Federal Minimum Wages; State Minimum Wages; Teenage Employment;

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Cited by:
  1. David Neumark & William Wascher, 2006. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Review of Evidence from the New Minimum Wage Research," Working Papers 060708, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2007.
  2. Bazen, Stephen & Le Gallo, Julie, 2009. "The state-federal dichotomy in the effects of minimum wages on teenage employment in the United States," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 105(3), pages 267-269, December.
  3. John T. Addison & McKinley L. Blackburn & Chad D. Cotti, 2012. "The Effect of Recent Increases in the U.S. Minimum Wage: Results from Three Data Sources," Working Paper Series 58_12, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.

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