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Marché du travail, régulation et croissance économique en Algérie

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Author Info

  • Fatiha Talahite

    ()
    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université de Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université Paris 13 - CNRS : UMR7115)

  • Rafik Bouklia-Hassane

    (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université de Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - Université Paris 13 - CNRS : UMR7115)

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    Abstract

    Entre 1990 et 1997, le taux du chômage en Algérie a doublé, touchant plus de 20% de la population active. Si depuis 2004 une baisse sensible a été enregistrée, elle semble surtout refléter l'extension du secteur informel, qui représente plus de 25% de l'emploi recensé. Cette exclusion du marché du travail affecte particulièrement la population jeune à la recherche du premier emploi. Au-delà des facteurs démographiques et institutionnels, ce serait le caractère capital intensive du régime de croissance qui aurait exacerbé les tensions sur l'emploi, ce qui met en en évidence une relation de causalité entre le régime d'accumulation et les performances du marché du travail. Il s'agit alors d'évaluer, sur la base d'une projection de l'économie algérienne, quel est l'effort de productivité et d'accumulation nécessaire à une réduction à moyen terme du chômage qui tienne compte de la ‘qualité' de l'emploi créé.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00203654.

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    Date of creation: 10 Jan 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00203654

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00203654
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    Related research

    Keywords: marché du travail ; emploi ; croissance; Algérie;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Azariadis, Costas & Drazen, Allan, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-26, May.
    2. Mankiw, N Gregory & Romer, David & Weil, David N, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-37, May.
    3. Nickell, Stephen & Layard, Richard, 1999. "Labor market institutions and economic performance," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 3029-3084 Elsevier.
    4. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & Nabli, Mustapha K. & Yousef, Tarik & Jensen, Henning Tarp, 2004. "Labor market reforms, growth, and unemployment in labor-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3328, The World Bank.
    5. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & Aynaoui, Karim El, 2003. "Labor market policies and unemployment in Morocco : a quantitative analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3091, The World Bank.
    6. Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Sanket Mohapatra, 2002. "Economic growth and investment in the Arab world," Discussion Papers 0203-10, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
    7. Fatiha Talahite, 2000. "Économie administrée, corruption et engrenage de la violence en Algérie," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 41(161), pages 49-74.
    8. Docquier, Frederic & Marfouk, Abdeslam, 2004. "Measuring the international mobility of skilled workers (1990-2000) : release 1.0," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3381, The World Bank.
    9. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1990. "Why Doesn't Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 92-96, May.
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