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Polycentric city and multi-worker households: an agent-based microeconomic model

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  • Rémi Lemoy

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - Université Lumière - Lyon II, IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des systèmes complexes - INRIA - École Normale Supérieure - Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées (INSA) - Lyon - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I - CNRS - IRD, Phys-ENS - Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon - CNRS : UMR5672 - École Normale Supérieure - Lyon)

  • Charles Raux

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - Université Lumière - Lyon II, IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des systèmes complexes - INRIA - École Normale Supérieure - Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées (INSA) - Lyon - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I - CNRS - IRD)

  • Pablo Jensen

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État [ENTPE] - Université Lumière - Lyon II, IXXI - Institut Rhône-Alpin des systèmes complexes - INRIA - École Normale Supérieure - Lyon - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées (INSA) - Lyon - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I - CNRS - IRD, Phys-ENS - Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon - CNRS : UMR5672 - École Normale Supérieure - Lyon)

Abstract

Polycentrism in cities is studied with the help of an agent-based model grounded in the Alonso, Muth, Mills (AMM) framework, using microeconomic interactions between heterogeneous agents. This model is shown to reproduce the standard urban equilibrium with two income groups. Two job centers at various distances from each other are introduced, and the economic, social and environmental outcomes of these various polycentric spatial structures are presented. Then we introduce two-worker households whose partners may work in different job centers. If all households are "split", i.e. the two partners work in different job centers, polycentrism is shown to be undesirable. When various two-worker households are mixed we find that polycentrism is desirable, as long as centers are not moved too far apart from each other. The environmental outcome is also positive for small values of this distance, but this positive effect is mitigated by the fact that housing surfaces increase.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00602087.

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Date of creation: 27 Mar 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00602087

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00602087
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Related research

Keywords: urban economics ; location choice ; polycentric city ; two-worker households ; agent-based model;

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  1. Tivadar, Mihai, 2010. "Is it better to live in a US or a European city?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 221-227, July.
  2. Fujita, Masahisa, 1985. "Existence and uniqueness of equilibrium and optimal land use : Boundary rent curve approach," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 295-324, June.
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  6. Asami, Y. & Fujita, M. & Smith, T. E., 1991. "On the foundations of land use theory : Discrete versus continuous populations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 473-508, February.
  7. Fujita, Masahisa & Ogawa, Hideaki, 1982. "Multiple equilibria and structural transition of non-monocentric urban configurations," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 161-196, May.
  8. Berliant, Marcus, 1991. "Comments on: 'On the foundations of land use theory: Discrete versus continuous populations' by Y. Asami, M. Fujita and T.E. Smith," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 639-645, December.
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