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A Monocentric City With Discrete Transit Stations

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  • Moez Kilani

    (Université Paris-Est, LVMT - Université Paris-Est, Equippe/IUT B - Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III)

  • Fabien Leurent

    (LVMT - Laboratoire Ville, Mobilité, Transport - INRETS - Université Paris-Est - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech)

  • André De Palma

    (ENS Cachan - Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan - École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7176 - Polytechnique - X, IUF - Institut Universitaire de France - Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

We extend the monocentric model by considering a discrete number of accessible mass transit stations. Households combine two modes for their daily home-to-work trip: a first mode for terminal access to stations and a second (long haul) mode which consists in radial mass transit axes. The urban equilibrium, i.e. city size and households' distribution, is derived as a function of the mass transit network and the distribution of land housing capacity. Then at the urban equilibrium the land rent is peaked at transit stations and decreases with the travel cost from the city center rather than with the distance to it. Accordingly, the housing lot size increases with the travel cost from the city center. These features distinguish our framework from previous monocentric models. Our analysis is based on the assumptions that land-owners are absent and city is open (the households' level of utility is given and the population size is endogenous). For numerical illustration, the model is calibrated to a selected rail network in the Paris area. A sensitivity analysis of the urban structure and land-use equilibrium is conducted with respect to the key model parameters.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00488672.

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Date of creation: 02 Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00488672

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Cited by:
  1. Koning Martin & Haywood Luke, 2011. "Pushy Parisian Elbows: Taste for Comfort in Public Transport," ERSA conference papers ersa11p815, European Regional Science Association.

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