Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Technological Progress, Organizational Change and the Size of the Human Resources Department

Contents:

Author Info

  • Raouf Boucekkine

    (CORE)

  • Patricia Crifo

    (Department of Economics, Ecole Polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7176 - Polytechnique - X)

  • Claudio Mattalia

    (Université Catholique de Louvain.)

Abstract

Les changements organisationnels reposant sur la polyvalence et les TIC qui se sont diffusés dans la plupart des pays de l'OCDE depuis les années 1990 ont de fortes conséquences sur les conditions de travail. Les données disponibles montrent, parallèlement à l'émergence de nouvelles formes organisationnelles fondées sur la polyvalence, une augmentation de la main d'oeuvre employée dans les postes managériaux et une augmentaion des besoins en qualification. Cet article propose un modèle théorique analysant l'allocation optimale du nombre de tâches par individu lorsque le passage à une organisation fondée sur la polyvalence accroît les coûts de coordination entre les individus et les tâches. Les entreprises peuvent réduire ces coûts de coordination en affectant plus de salariés à la gestion des ressources humaines. Le capital humain est accumulé de manière endogène par les travailleurs. Le modèle reproduit assez bien les régularités observées dans les données. En particulier, des accélérations technologiques endogènes tendent à accroître à la fois le nombre de tâches tréalisées et les besoins en qualification, tout en augmentant la part de la main d' qui se consacre à la gestion des ressources humaines.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/24/07/15/PDF/2008-01-25-1696.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00240715.

as in new window
Length:
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00240715

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00240715/en/
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

Related research

Keywords:

Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Daron Acemoglu & Pol Antras & Elhanan Helpman, 2005. "Contracts and the Division of Labor," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2074, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  2. BOUCEKKINE, Raouf & CRIFO, Patricia, 2003. "Human capital accumulation and the transition from specialization to multi-tasking," CORE Discussion Papers 2003080, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Gary S. Becker & Kevin M. Murphy, 1994. "The Division of Labor, Coordination Costs, and Knowledge," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 299-322 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Erik Brynjolfsson & Lorin M. Hitt, 1999. "Information Technology, Workplace Organization and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7136, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. John J. Wallis & Douglass North, 1986. "Measuring the Transaction Sector in the American Economy, 1870-1970," NBER Chapters, in: Long-Term Factors in American Economic Growth, pages 95-162 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Marcus, 2002. "New organizational practices and working conditions : evidence from France in the 1990's," Working Papers 155744, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  7. Raghuram G. Rajan & Julie Wulf, 2006. "The Flattening Firm: Evidence from Panel Data on the Changing Nature of Corporate Hierarchies," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(4), pages 759-773, November.
  8. Tamura, Robert, 1992. "Efficient equilibrium convergence: Heterogeneity and growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 355-376, December.
  9. Samer Faraj & Lee Sproull, 2000. "Coordinating Expertise in Software Development Teams," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(12), pages 1554-1568, December.
  10. Lex Borghans & Bas Weel, 2006. "The Division of Labour, Worker Organisation, and Technological Change," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(509), pages F45-F72, 02.
  11. Bolton, Patrick & Dewatripont, Mathias, 1994. "The Firm as a Communication Network," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(4), pages 809-39, November.
  12. Hartog,Joop & Maassen van den Brink,Henriëtte (ed.), 2007. "Human Capital," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521873161, Fall.
  13. Caroli, Eve & Askenazy, Philippe, 2010. "Innovative Work Practices, Information Technologies, and Working Conditions : Evidence for France," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7143, Paris Dauphine University.
  14. Wouter Dessein & Tano Santos, 2003. "The Demand for Coordination," NBER Working Papers 10056, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Luis Garicano & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2006. "Organization and Inequality in a Knowledge Economy," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 121(4), pages 1383-1435, November.
  16. Gordon, David M, 1994. "Bosses of Different Stripes: A Cross-National Perspective on Monitoring and Supervision," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 375-79, May.
  17. Yang, Xiaokai & Borland, Jeff, 1991. "A Microeconomic Mechanism for Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 460-82, June.
  18. David Fairris & Mark Brenner, 2001. "Workplace Transformation and the Rise in Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Is There a Connection?," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 22(1), pages 15-28, January.
  19. Eve Caroli & John Van Reenen, 2001. "Skill-Biased Organizational Change? Evidence From A Panel Of British And French Establishments," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 116(4), pages 1449-1492, November.
  20. Erik Brynjolfsson & Thomas W. Malone & Vijay Gurbaxani & Ajit Kambil, 1994. "Does Information Technology Lead to Smaller Firms?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 40(12), pages 1628-1644, December.
  21. Luis Garicano, 2000. "Hierarchies and the Organization of Knowledge in Production," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(5), pages 874-904, October.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00240715. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.