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Evolution des attentes sociales et comportement électoral : France, 1978-2002

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  • Elvire Guillaud

    ()
    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris, UNIV LYON 2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - Université Lumière - Lyon II)

  • Stefano Palombarini

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris, UP8 - Université Paris 8, Vincennes-Saint-Denis - Université Paris VIII - Vincennes Saint-Denis)

Abstract

Cet article met en lumière de manière empirique la multi-dimensionalité et l'évolution de la demande politique d'agents hétérogènes. Dans ce but, on mène une analyse de données sur des sondages post-électoraux français de 1978 à 2002. L'analyse met en évidence les origines de la crise politique française de 2002, avec la présence au second tour du candidat d'extrême droite à l'élection présidentielle. L'élément clé est la cristallisation de groupes sociaux autour des thèmes économiques qui structurent l'espace politique. D'une part, les principales dimensions de la demande évoluent au cours du temps, d'autre part les alliances sociales se modifient autour de ces demandes. La crise économique dans la décennie 1980 et le processus d'intégration européenne au cours de la décennie 1990 conditionnent les demandes politiques et multiplient les lignes de fracture : les alliances sociales de soutien à la droite républicaine et à la gauche de gouvernement éclatent progressivement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number halshs-00590295.

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Date of creation: Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00590295

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Related research

Keywords: intervention de l'Etat ; intégration européenne ; demande politique ; comportement de vote ; élections ; crise politique ; France;

References

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  1. John Roemer & Karine Van-Der-Straeten, 2004. "The political economy of xenophobia and distribution : the case of Denmark," Working Papers hal-00242915, HAL.
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Cited by:
  1. repec:hal:journl:hal-00185083 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Kristel Jacquier, 2012. "Public Support for European Integration: A comparative analysis," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 12088, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  3. Kristel Jacquier, 2012. "Public Support for European Integration : A comparative analysis," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00768907, HAL.
  4. Bruno Amable & Elvire Guillaud & Stefano Palombarini, 2011. "The political economy of neo-liberalism in Italy and France," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00639450, HAL.

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