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Heterogeneity in reported well-being:Evidence from twelve European countries

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  • Andrew Clark

    (DELTA - Département et Laboratoire d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée - CNRS : UMR8545 - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS))

  • Fabrice Etilé

    (CORELA - Laboratoire de Recherche sur la Consommation - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA))

  • Fabien Postel-Vinay

    (LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UR1043, CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique)

  • Claudia Senik

    (DELTA - Département et Laboratoire d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée - CNRS : UMR8545 - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), UP4 - Université Paris 4, Paris-Sorbonne - Université Paris IV - Paris Sorbonne - Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Karine Van Der Straeten

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'econometrie de l'école polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7657 - Polytechnique - X)

Abstract

Dans cet article nous modélisons la relation entre le revenu et le bien-être déclaré à l'aide de techniques à effet aléatoire appliquées sur des données de panel issues de douze pays européens. Il n'est pas possible de distinguer empiriquement une hétérogénéité des fonctions d'utilité (transformation du revenu en utilité) et une hétérogénéité des fonctions d'expression (transformation de l'utilité en bien-êttre déclaré); neanmoins, nous montrons que l'on peut fermement rejeter l'hypothèse selon laquelle ses deux opérations sont menées de la même façon dans les douze pays étudiés. L'"effet marginal du revenu sur le bien-être" diffère en effet très significativement entre les quatre classes mises en évidence; ce qui laisse supposer des préférences pour la redistribution et des comportements très différents entre ces classes. Nos résultats nous amènent à penser qu'agréger sans précaution des données issues de populations et de pays différents peut s'avérer une pratique dangeureuse.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number hal-00242916.

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Date of creation: 2004
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:hal-00242916

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Keywords: Revenu ; Utilité ; Bien-être ; Hétérogénéité ; Classes latentes;

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