Overrepresentation of women in public and nonprofit sector jobs: Evidence from a French national survey
AbstractWomen are overrepresented in the public and nonprofit sectors. This article aims to bring to light the reasons behind this phenomenon. The originality of the employer-employee matched data used allows us to consider a large scope of potential reasons. Using a non-linear decomposition technique (Fairlie, 2005), we find that in addition to the well-known occupational segregation effect, the overrepresentation of women in the public and nonprofit sectors is associated with two common factors: greater offerings of family-friendly practices and higher attraction of men for certain fringe benefits that are more frequently provided by the for-profit sector. Sector-specific factors also exist. The higher wage advantage obtained by women compared with men working in the public sector rather than in the for-profit sector contributes to the feminization of the public sector. Similarly, the overrepresentation of women in the nonprofit sector is linked to greater access to part-time jobs and shorter workweeks there.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00872954.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 2013, 28 p
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Public and nonprofit sectors; overrepresentation of women; occupational segregation; family-friendly policies;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-10-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2013-10-25 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-NPS-2013-10-25 (Nonprofit & Public Sector)
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