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Industrie gazière russe : le " modèle Gazprom " en question ?

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  • Catherine Locatelli

    ()
    (PACTE - Politiques publiques, ACtion politique, TErritoires - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Grenoble - CNRS : UMR5194 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble I)

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    Abstract

    La baisse, en 2012, des exportations gazières de la Russie à destination du marché européen au profit de la Norvège, son principal concurrent, invite à s'interroger sur le " modèle " gazier de la Russie. La société gazière russe Gazprom, jusque-là dominante, est de plus en plus mise en concurrence tant sur son marché intérieur qu'à l'exportation. En particulier, face à un marché gazier européen de plus en plus concurrentiel, sa capacité à s'adapter à un contexte changeant est au centre des débats. De fait, le secteur gazier russe est aujourd'hui l'objet d'évolutions en profondeur qui se traduisent par l'introduction de formes concurrentielles qui tendent à normer le comportement de Gazprom. Cette réorganisation ne suit cependant pas le modèle de restructuration des industries gazières mises en œuvre dans l'UE. Ce modèle principalement basé sur la dé-intégration des monopoles verticalement intégrés et des marchés concurrentiels s'avère de fait dans les conditions institutionnelles et économiques de la Russie impossible à mettre en œuvre.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00812541.

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    Date of creation: Apr 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00812541

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00812541
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    Keywords: Russie ; industrie gazière ; Gazprom;

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