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Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita

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  • Somlanaré Romuald Kinda

    ()
    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

Abstract

This paper examines the existence of convergence and the importance of education on carbon dioxide growth per capita, over the period 1970-2004 for 85 countries. We use panel data and apply GMM-System estimation. This rigorous approach takes into account the observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries, and solves the endogeneity problems associated with some variables. Our results suggest a divergence in per capita carbon dioxide emissions around the world, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide emissions growth. Contrary to commonly held beliefs based on intuition, we provide evidence that, in developing countries, there is no convergence, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide growth. In developed countries, we find a convergence for per capita carbon dioxide emissions. Education was found to be a factor in pollution growth, although its effect is mitigated by the presence of political institutions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00684315.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Publication status: Published, African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 2011, Volume 3, Number 1, 65-85
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00684315

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00684315
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Keywords: Convergence in carbon dioxide; Education; System GMM;

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  1. Brock,W.A. & Taylor,M.S., 2004. "The Green Solow model," Working papers, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems 16, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  2. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  3. Bimonte, Salvatore, 2002. "Information access, income distribution, and the Environmental Kuznets Curve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 145-156, April.
  4. McMahon, Walter W., 2002. "Education and Development: Measuring the Social Benefits," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780199250721, October.
  5. Caselli, Francesco & Coleman II, Wilbur John, 2001. "Cross-Country Technology Diffusion: The Case of Computers," CEPR Discussion Papers 2744, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Westerlund, Joakim & Basher, Syed A., 2007. "Testing for Convergence in Carbon Dioxide Emissions Using a Century of Panel Data," MPRA Paper 3262, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Farzin, Y. Hossein & Bond, Craig A., 2006. "Democracy and environmental quality," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 213-235, October.
  8. Stephen Bond & Anke Hoeffler, 2001. "GMM Estimation of Empirical Growth Models," Economics Series Working Papers 2001-W21, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  9. Alison Stegman, 2005. "Convergence in Carbon Emissions Per Capita," Research Papers, Macquarie University, Department of Economics 0505, Macquarie University, Department of Economics.
  10. Stephen Bond & Anke Hoeffler & Jonathan Temple, 2001. "GMM Estimation of Empirical Growth Models," Economics Papers 2001-W21, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  11. Danny Quah, 2000. "Cross-country growth comparison : theory to empirics," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 2251, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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