Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita
AbstractThis paper examines the existence of convergence and the importance of education on carbon dioxide growth per capita, over the period 1970-2004 for 85 countries. We use panel data and apply GMM-System estimation. This rigorous approach takes into account the observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries, and solves the endogeneity problems associated with some variables. Our results suggest a divergence in per capita carbon dioxide emissions around the world, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide emissions growth. Contrary to commonly held beliefs based on intuition, we provide evidence that, in developing countries, there is no convergence, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide growth. In developed countries, we find a convergence for per capita carbon dioxide emissions. Education was found to be a factor in pollution growth, although its effect is mitigated by the presence of political institutions.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00684315.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 2011, Volume 3, Number 1, 65-85
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00684315
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Convergence in carbon dioxide; Education; System GMM;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-04-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2012-04-10 (Education)
- NEP-ENE-2012-04-10 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2012-04-10 (Environmental Economics)
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