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Individual and contextual socioeconomic disadvantages and car driving between 16 and 24 years of age: a multilevel study in the Rhône Département (France)

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  • Idlir Licaj

    ()
    (IFSTTAR/UMRESTTE - Unité Mixte de Recherche Epidémiologique et de Surveillance Transport Travail Environnement - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I - IFSTTAR)

  • Mohamed Mouloud Haddak

    ()
    (IFSTTAR/UMRESTTE - Unité Mixte de Recherche Epidémiologique et de Surveillance Transport Travail Environnement - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I - IFSTTAR)

  • Pascal Pochet

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)

  • Mireille Chiron

    ()
    (IFSTTAR/UMRESTTE - Unité Mixte de Recherche Epidémiologique et de Surveillance Transport Travail Environnement - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I - IFSTTAR)

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    Abstract

    This paper sets out to highlight and quantify the effect of individual and contextual deprivation on both access to a car driving licence and on actual driving of a car among young licence-holders in the Rhône département (France). The three stages by which adolescents and very young adults become autonomous with regard to driving have been subjected to multilevel analyses, using a Household Travel Survey: i) whether young persons participate in the early driving scheme at 16-17 years of age, ii) whether young persons of 18-24 years of age hold a driving licence, and iii) whether young licence-holders actually drive a car. At these three stages, social inequalities can be observed. This study highlights the considerable impact socioeconomic (individual but also contextual) factors and gender have on inequalities of access to car driving. Underprivileged groups suffer from disadvantages that accumulate at each stage (driving licence and car driving). The multilevel analysis of access to the car among young persons shows that considering the effects of the geographical context improves our understanding of travel inequalities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00657323.

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    Date of creation: May 2012
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    Publication status: Published, Journal of Transport Geography, 2012, 22, 19-27
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00657323

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00657323/en/
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    Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

    Related research

    Keywords: deprivation; driving license; car driving; car ownership; young; multilevel analysis; household travel survey;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

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    1. Dupuy, Gabriel, 1999. "From the "magic circle" to "automobile dependence": measurements and political implications," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 1-17, January.
    2. Lucas, Karen & Tyler, Sophie & Christodoulou, Georgina, 2009. "Assessing the 'value' of new transport initiatives in deprived neighbourhoods in the UK," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 115-122, July.
    3. Church, A. & Frost, M. & Sullivan, K., 2000. "Transport and social exclusion in London," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 195-205, July.
    4. Nicolas, J. -P. & Pochet, P. & Poimboeuf, H., 2003. "Towards sustainable mobility indicators: application to the Lyons conurbation," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 10(3), pages 197-208, July.
    5. Jean-Pierre Nicolas & Pascal Pochet & Hélène Poimboeuf, 2003. "Towards Sustainable Mobility Indicators: Application to the Lyons Conurbation," Post-Print halshs-00068232, HAL.
    6. Lucas, Karen, 2006. "Providing transport for social inclusion within a framework for environmental justice in the UK," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 40(10), pages 801-809, December.
    7. Sylvie Fol & Gabriel Dupuy & Olivier Coutard, 2007. "Transport Policy and the Car Divide in the UK, the US and France: Beyond the Environmental Debate," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(4), pages 802-818, December.
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