Individual and contextual socioeconomic disadvantages and car driving between 16 and 24 years of age: a multilevel study in the Rhône Département (France)
AbstractThis paper sets out to highlight and quantify the effect of individual and contextual deprivation on both access to a car driving licence and on actual driving of a car among young licence-holders in the Rhône département (France). The three stages by which adolescents and very young adults become autonomous with regard to driving have been subjected to multilevel analyses, using a Household Travel Survey: i) whether young persons participate in the early driving scheme at 16-17 years of age, ii) whether young persons of 18-24 years of age hold a driving licence, and iii) whether young licence-holders actually drive a car. At these three stages, social inequalities can be observed. This study highlights the considerable impact socioeconomic (individual but also contextual) factors and gender have on inequalities of access to car driving. Underprivileged groups suffer from disadvantages that accumulate at each stage (driving licence and car driving). The multilevel analysis of access to the car among young persons shows that considering the effects of the geographical context improves our understanding of travel inequalities.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00657323.
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, Journal of Transport Geography, 2012, 22, 19-27
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00657323/en/
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deprivation; driving license; car driving; car ownership; young; multilevel analysis; household travel survey;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-01-25 (All new papers)
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