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L'Etat peut-il rendre compétitif les clubs de football français ?

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Author Info

  • Sébastien Dessus

    ()
    (World Bank - LUNWB)

  • Gaël Raballand

    ()
    (World Bank - LUNWB)

Abstract

En France, le football est devenu une question politique. S'inquiétant du recul des clubs français dans les compétitions européennes, le Gouvernement réfléchit à plusieurs réformes visant à doter les clubs de ressources financiéres plus importantes pour rivaliser avec les meilleurs clubs européens. Ce papier empirique, fondé sur une base de données en panel, identifie les principaux déterminants d'investissement des clubs de Ligue 1 et Ligue 2 et estime l'impact des principales pistes de réformes envisagées. Les résultats économétriques suggèrent que si les réformes envisagées (rénovation des stades, fiscalité allégée, redistribution des droits audiovisuels en faveur des meilleurs clubs) pourraient permettre de réduire l'écart financier entre les meilleurs clubs français et européens, elles ne permettraient pas de le combler. Elles pourraient également être jugées excessives, au regard du coût financier pour l'Etat et la remise en question du principe de solidarité entre clubs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00639300.

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Date of creation: Aug 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00639300

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Related research

Keywords: Football; potentiel de recettes; budget optimal; Ligue 1; rapport Besson.;

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  1. Michel Aglietta & Wladimir Andreff & Bastien Drut, 2008. "Bourse et Football," Working Papers 0820, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  2. Stefan Szymanski, 2003. "The Economic Design of Sporting Contests," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(4), pages 1137-1187, December.
  3. El-Hodiri, Mohamed & Quirk, James, 1971. "An Economic Model of a Professional Sports League," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(6), pages 1302-19, Nov.-Dec..
  4. SZYMANSKI, Stefan & KÉSENNE, Stefan, 2003. "Competitive balance and gate revenue sharing in team sports," Working Papers 2003003, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  5. Sloane, Peter J, 1971. "The Economics of Professional Football: The Football Club as a Utility Maximiser," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 18(2), pages 121-46, June.
  6. Rodney Fort & James Quirk, 1995. "Cross-subsidization, Incentives, and Outcomes in Professional Team Sports Leagues," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(3), pages 1265-1299, September.
  7. Forrest, David & Simmons, Robert & Feehan, Patrick, 2002. "A Spatial Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Elasticity of Demand for Soccer," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 49(3), pages 336-55, August.
  8. Guido Ascari & Philippe Gagnepain, 2007. "Evaluating Rent Dissipation in the Spanish Football Industry," Post-Print hal-00622841, HAL.
  9. Stefan Szymanski & Ron Smith, 1997. "The English Football Industry: profit, performance and industrial structure," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(1), pages 135-153.
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