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À l'écart de l'école ? Pauvreté, accessibilité et scolarisation à Conakry

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  • Lourdes Diaz Olvera

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)

  • Didier Plat

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)

  • Pascal Pochet

    ()
    (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - CNRS : UMR5593 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'Etat)

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    Abstract

    Les pays d'Afrique subsaharienne ont à scolariser un nombre croissant d'enfants, dans un contexte d'approfondissement de la pauvreté. Si les taux de scolarisation sont plus faibles en milieu rural, les villes connaissent également de fortes difficultés. Cet article analyse, pour Conakry, l'impact sur le taux de scolarisation dans le primaire de la dimension spatiale de l'offre scolaire, mesurée par la densité d'établissements publics et privés, et le temps de parcours. Les résultats montrent qu'après les facteurs propres à la demande, la disponibilité de l'offre publique est déterminante car l'accessibilité physique aux écoles privées, plus nombreuses, est subordonnée à leur accessibilité financière.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/56/62/03/PDF/DiazOlvera_Plat_Pochet_ScolarisationConakry_TiersMonde_no202_2010.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00566203.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Publication status: Published, Revue Tiers Monde, 2010, 202, pp. 167-183
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00566203

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00566203/en/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Éducation ; scolarisation ; accessibilité ; pauvreté ; enquête-ménages ; Conakry;

    References

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    1. Glick, Peter & Sahn, David E., 1999. "Schooling of girls and boys in a West African country: the effects of parental education, income, and household structure," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 63-87, February.
    2. Nielsen, H.S., 1998. "Child Labor and School Attendance: Two Joint Decisions," Papers, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark- 98-15, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
    3. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, H.S., 1996. "Child Labour or School Attendance? Evidence from Zambia," Papers, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark- 96-14, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
    4. Ersado, Lire, 2005. "Child Labor and Schooling Decisions in Urban and Rural Areas: Comparative Evidence from Nepal, Peru, and Zimbabwe," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 455-480, March.
    5. Philippe Hugon, 2005. "La scolarisation et l'éducation : facteurs de croissance ou catalyseurs du développement ?," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 132(4), pages 13-28.
    6. Antoine Bommier & Sylvie Lambert, 2000. "Education Demand and Age at School Enrollment in Tanzania," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(1), pages 177-203.
    7. Mark Montgomery & Paul C. Hewett, 2005. "Poverty and Children's Schooling in Urban and Rural Senegal," Department of Economics Working Papers, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics 05-08, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
    8. Tansel, Aysit, 1997. "Schooling Attainment, Parental Education, and Gender in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 45(4), pages 825-56, July.
    9. Glick, Peter & Sahn, David E, 1997. "Gender and Education Impacts on Employment and Earnings in West Africa: Evidence from Guinea," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 45(4), pages 793-823, July.
    10. Canagarajah, Sudharshan & Coulombe, Harold, 1997. "Child labor and schooling in Ghana," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1844, The World Bank.
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