A Managerial Rationality? Scientific Management and the Organization of Knowledge, 1880-1915
AbstractThe accumulation, organization and application of knowledge form the core of modern management. This managerial knowledge consists less in the mechanical intelligence of the production processes than in a rationalization of the selection, training, and use of the “human material”. Of course, scientific management did not invent planning, measuring, analyzing, standardizing, or training. Its real breakthrough was the turning of these scattered elements into a coherent system that we propose to call the managerial rationality – rather than a managerial ideology, science or technique. By Taylor's death in 1915, the foundations of this cognitive system were fully laid. The schools of thought which latter invested and exploited this rationality not affect its general pattern and will even reinforce the centrality of its very essence: knowledge.
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Date of creation: 2010
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Publication status: Published - Presented, Journées d'Histoire de la comptabilité et du management, 2010, France
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Taylor; history; management; rationalization;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-03-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2010-03-28 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-HPE-2010-03-28 (History & Philosophy of Economics)
- NEP-KNM-2010-03-28 (Knowledge Management & Knowledge Economy)
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