Does team competition eliminate the gender gap in entry in competitive environments ?
AbstractThis paper studies the impact of the possibility to enter a tournament as a team on the gender gap in tournament entry. While a large and significant gender gap in entry in the individual tournament is found in line with the literature, no gender gap is found in entry in the team tournament. While women do not choose to enter the tournament significantly more often when it is team-based, men enter significantly less as part of a team than alone. Changes in overconfidence as well as in risk, ambiguity and feedback aversion, the difference in men and women's taste for the uncertainty on their teammate's ability all account for a part of the disappearance of the gender gap in tournament entry. A remaining explanation is that being part of a team changes men and women's taste for performing in a competitive environment.
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Date of creation: Feb 2009
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Gender gap; tournament; teams.;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-08-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2009-08-02 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIC-2009-08-02 (Microeconomics)
- NEP-SPO-2009-08-02 (Sports & Economics)
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