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International diversification, performance and offshoring : the case of the computer services industry

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  • Christian Genthon

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    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : UMR5252 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

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    Abstract

    This article deals with the internationalization process in the computer services industry. It discusses two aspects of internationalization: the relationship between international diversification and firm performances and the new process of offshoring part of the business to low-cost countries. Analysis is based on a proprietary database covering data for the industry's 45 largest companies for the past nine years (1998-2006). It shows that product internationalization has not generated substantial profits for firms that have given priority to international growth. Non sequitur, though precise data is lacking, it seems that it has become common practice over the last five years to outsource parts of the business to subsidiaries in low-cost countries. We do not find any relation between offshoring and profitability or internationalization. The internationalization of process and product seems to be disconnected.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/34/81/98/PDF/pub08033.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00348198.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2008
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, XVIII international RESER conference “New horizons for the role and production of services”, Stuttgart, 25-26 septembre 2008, 2008, Stuttgart, Germany
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00348198

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00348198/en/
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    Keywords: computer industry ; services ; internationalization;

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    1. Contractor, Farok J. & Kumar, Vikas & Kundu, Sumit K., 2007. "Nature of the relationship between international expansion and performance: The case of emerging market firms," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 401-417, December.
    2. J.R. Bryson, 2001. "Services and Internationalisation: Annual Report on the Progress of Research into Service Activities in Europe in 1998," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1), pages 227-240, January.
    3. Frances A Katrishen & Nicos A Scordis, 1998. "Economies of Scale in Services: A study of Multinational Insurers," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 29(2), pages 305-323, June.
    4. Lenn Gomes & Kannan Ramaswamy, 1999. "An Empirical Examination of the Form of the Relationship Between Multinationality and Performance," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 30(1), pages 173-187, March.
    5. N Capar & M Kotabe, 2003. "The relationship between international diversification and performance in service firms," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(4), pages 345-355, July.
    6. Brock, David M. & Yaffe, Tal & Dembovsky, Mark, 2006. "International diversification and performance: A study of global law firms," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 473-489, December.
    7. Oberhofer, W & Kmenta, J, 1974. "A General Procedure for Obtaining Maximum Likelihood Estimates in Generalized Regression Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 42(3), pages 579-90, May.
    8. Farok J Contractor & Sumit K Kundu & Chin-Chun Hsu, 2003. "A three-stage theory of international expansion: the link between multinationality and performance in the service sector," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(1), pages 5-18, January.
    9. Daniel Sullivan, 1994. "Measuring the Degree of Internationalization of a Firm," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 25(2), pages 325-342, June.
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