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A consensus model of political decision-making

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Author Info

  • Harrie De Swart

    (Faculteit Wijsbegeerte-Logica en taalanalyse - Universiteit van Tilburg)

  • Patrik Eklund

    (Department of Computing Science - Umea University)

  • Agnieszka Rusinowska

    ()
    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

Abstract

In this paper, a model of political consensus is introduced. Parties try to reach consensus in forming a government. A government is defined as a pair consisting of a winning coalition and a policy supported by this coalition, where a policy consists of policies on given issues. A party evaluates all governments the party belongs to with respect to some criteria. We allow the criteria to be of unequal importance to a party. These criteria concern winning coalitions and policy issues. Parties may be advised to adjust their preferences, i.e., to change their evaluation concerning some government(s) or/and the importance of the criteria, in order to obtain a better political consensus.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00283200.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Published, Annals of Operations Research, 2008, 158, 1, pp. 5-20
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00283200

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00283200/en/
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Related research

Keywords: consensus reaching; consensus degree; government; coalition; policy;

References

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  1. Austen-Smith, David & Banks, Jeffrey., 1987. "Elections, Coalitions, and Legislative Outcomes," Working Papers, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences 643, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  2. Georg Kirchsteiger & Clemens Puppe, 1997. "On the Formation of Political Coalitions," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 153(2), pages 293-, June.
  3. Carlsson, Christer & Ehrenberg, Dieter & Eklund, Patrik & Fedrizzi, Mario & Gustafsson, Patrik & Lindholm, Paul & Merkuryeva, Galina & Riissanen, Tony & G.S. Ventre, Aldo, 1992. "Consensus in distributed soft environments," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(1-2), pages 165-185, August.
  4. Roubens, Marc & Rusinowska, Agnieszka & de Swart, Harrie, 2006. "Using MACBETH to determine utilities of governments to parties in coalition formation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 172(2), pages 588-603, July.
  5. Schofield, N., 1992. "Political Competition in Multiparty Coalition Governments," Papers, Washington St. Louis - School of Business and Political Economy 164, Washington St. Louis - School of Business and Political Economy.
  6. Agnieszka Rusinowska & Harrie de Swart & Jan-Willem van der Rijt, 2005. "A new model of coalition formation," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 129-154, 09.
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Cited by:
  1. Jan-Willem Rijt, 2008. "An Alternative Model of the Formation of Political Coalitions," Theory and Decision, Springer, Springer, vol. 64(1), pages 81-101, February.
  2. Vito Fragnelli, 2009. "The Propensity to Disruption for Evaluating a Parliament," Czech Economic Review, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 3(3), pages 243-253, October.

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