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Compétition pour les paiements : une titanomachie revisitée par la modélisation multi-agents

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  • Sandra Deungoue

    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

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    Abstract

    L'objet de cette étude est d'analyser le rôle de la commission interbancaire de paiement sur la compétition entre entreprises de cartes de crédit et sur l'utilisation des instruments de paiement. Le caractère souvent multilatéral de cette commission, ainsi que l'impossibilité pour certains commerçants de pratiquer une discrimination entre instruments de paiement ont conduit les autorités de concurrence de différents pays à s'interroger sur la légalité de ces accords ainsi que sur le niveau optimal de ladite commission. En nous servant de la modélisation multi–agents, nous simulons un modèle de compétition bancaire permettant d'observer le niveau du bien-être général ainsi que le degré de compétition sur chaque face du marché pour différentes valeurs de la commission interchange.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00269129.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00269129

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00269129/en/
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    Related research

    Keywords: marchés « à deux faces » ; modélisation multi-agents ; systèmes de paiements;

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    1. Graeme Guthrie & Julian Wright, 2003. "Competing Payment Schemes," Departmental Working Papers, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics wp0311, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics.
    2. Wilko Bolt & David Humphrey & Roland Uittenbogaard, 2005. "The Effect of Transaction Pricing on the Adoption of Electronic Payments: A Cross-Country Comparison," DNB Working Papers, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department 071, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    3. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1989. "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 927-54, August.
    4. Gans Joshua S & King Stephen P, 2003. "The Neutrality of Interchange Fees in Payment Systems," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-18, January.
    5. Baxter, William F, 1983. "Bank Interchange of Transactional Paper: Legal and Economic Perspectives," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(3), pages 541-88, October.
    6. Joshua S. Gans & Stephen P. King, 2003. "A Theoretical Analysis of Credit Card Reform in Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 79(247), pages 462-472, December.
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