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Banks' Procyclical Behavior: Does Provisioning Matter?

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  • Vincent Bouvatier

    ()
    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)

  • Laetitia Lepetit

    ()
    (LAPE - Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Prospective Economique - Université de Limoges : EA1088 - Institut Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société)

Abstract

A panel of 186 European banks is used for the period 1992-2004 to determine if banking behaviors, induced by the capital adequacy constraint and the provisioning system, amplify credit fluctuations. Our nding is consistent with the bank capital channel hypothesis, which means that poorly capitalized banks constrained to expand credit. We also find that loan loss provisions (LLP) made in order to cover identified credit losses (non discretionary LLP) amplify credit fluctuations. Indeed, non discretionary LLP evolve cyclically. This leads to misevaluation of expected credit risk which affect banks'incentives grant new loans since lending costs are misstated. By contrast, LLP used for management objectives discretionary LLP) do not affect credit fluctuations. The findings of our research are consistent with the call for the implementation of a dynamic provisioning system in Europe.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00916599.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Publication status: Published, Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money, 2008, 18, 5, 513-526
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00916599

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00916599
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Chitan Gheorghe, 2013. "Is Adequate The Method Of Loan Loss Provisioning? - Evidence From Romania," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 1062-1069, July.
  2. Coffinet, Jérôme & Coudert, Virginie & Pop, Adrian & Pouvelle, Cyril, 2012. "Two-way interplays between capital buffers and credit growth: Evidence from French banks," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 1110-1125.
  3. Hong Liu & Phil Molyneux & John O. S. Wilson, 2013. "Competition And Stability In European Banking: A Regional Analysis," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 81(2), pages 176-201, 03.
  4. Wilko Bolt & Leo de Haan & Marco Hoeberichts & Maarten van Oordt & Job Swank, 2010. "Bank Profitability during Recessions," DNB Working Papers 251, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  5. John Bonin & Marko Kosak, 2013. "Loan/Loss Provisioning in Emerging Europe: Precautionary or Pro-Cyclical?," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2013-010, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
  6. Wahyoe Soedarmono & Amine Tarazi, 2014. "Market structure, financial intermediation and riskiness of banks:Evidence from Asia Pacific," Working Papers hal-00947575, HAL.
  7. Eliana Balla & Andrew McKenna, 2009. "Dynamic provisioning: a countercyclical tool for loan loss reserves," Economic Quarterly, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue Fall, pages 383-418.
  8. Olszak, Małgorzata & Pipień, Mateusz, 2013. "Cross Country Linkages as Determinants of Procyclicality of Loan Loss Provisions – Empirical Importance of SURE Specification," MPRA Paper 53784, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Marina Balboa & Germán López-Espinosa & Antonio Rubia, 2012. "Non-linear Dynamics in Discretionary Accruals: An Analysis of Bank Loan-Loss Provisions," Faculty Working Papers 06/12, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
  10. Jan FRAIT & Zlatuše KOMÁRKOVÁ, 2013. "Loan Loss Provisioning in Selected European Banking Sectors: Do Banks Really Behave in a Procyclical Way?," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 63(4), pages 308-326, August.
  11. Sarawan Angklomkliew & Jason George & Frank Packer, 2009. "Issues and developments in loan loss provisioning: the case of Asia," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, December.
  12. Müller, Oliver & Uhde, André, 2013. "Cross-border bank lending: Empirical evidence on new determinants from OECD banking markets," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 136-162.
  13. Balboa, Marina & López-Espinosa, Germán & Rubia, Antonio, 2013. "Nonlinear dynamics in discretionary accruals: An analysis of bank loan-loss provisions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5186-5207.

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