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Comment faut-il distribuer les quotas échangeables de gaz à effet de serre ?

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Author Info

  • Philippe Quirion

    (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - CIRAD : UMR56 - CNRS : UMR8568 - Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - Ecole des Ponts ParisTech - AgroParisTech)

Abstract

Le système européen de quotas d'émissions échangeables de gaz à effet de serre, en place depuis 2005, fait l'objet d'une révision qui devrait en particulier modifier la manière dont les quotas sont distribués. Nous comparons deux modes de distribution : l'allocation forfaitaire, basée uniquement sur des informations passées, et l'allocation proportionnelle à la production courante. Nous identifions les avantages et les inconvénients de chaque mode d'allocation et concluons qu'il est important de distinguer les secteurs protégés de la concurrence internationale, comme l'électricité, des secteurs exposés. Dans les secteurs protégés, l'allocation en fonction de la production courante entraîne un coût très supérieur et l'allocation forfaitaire est très inéquitable. Nous préconisons donc la vente aux enchères des quotas, qui ne souffre d'aucun de ces deux défauts. Dans les secteurs exposés, en revanche, l'allocation en fonction de la production courante constitue une option à considérer sérieusement.

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File URL: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/63/97/23/PDF/quirion_rfe_allocation.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00639723.

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Date of creation: 07 Nov 2007
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Publication status: Published, Revue Française d'Economie, 2007, XXII, 2, pp. 129 à 164
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00639723

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00639723/en/
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Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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Cited by:
  1. Gregory Cook & Jean-Pierre Ponssard, 2012. "A proposal for the revewal of sectoral approaches building on the Cement Sustainability Initiative," Working Papers hal-00681313, HAL.
  2. Pierre Villa, 2009. "Equivalence entre taxation et permis d'émission échangeables," Working Papers 2009-05, CEPII research center.
  3. Sonia Schwartz, 2009. "Comment distribuer les quotas de pollution ?. Une revue de la littérature," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(4), pages 535-568.

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